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HIV and AIDS: Current Developments, Research, Assessment, Treatments, Aging, & Ethics

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Table Of Contents


Basic Information & FAQs

Kaiser Family Foundation: Global HIV/AIDS Interactive Timeline:

The Center for Disease Control HIV/AIDS

FAQs: Definitions: HIV/AIDS Connection

Glossary of HIV/AIDS-Related Terms 7th Edition


Statistics & Research

Mortality Data

Surveillance Reports



Current Treatment Guidelines

A Guide To Primary Care For People With HIV/AIDS, 2004 edition

AIDS Info Drug Database

Basic Prevention Information

For HIV Positive People

African-Americans: Support

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AIDS Legal Referral Panel



International AIDS Conference News

United States Global AIDS Program & Trends

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Links: Resources, Organizations, Support, Audio, Video and Interactive Resources

UCSF Center for HIV Information

Kaiser Family Foundation

Ryan White Care Act

Center for Disease Control Brochures & Fact Sheets

Highly Active Anti Retroviral Treatment

National Institute of Health AIDS Information

National AIDS Housing Coalition

Project Inform

PBS Frontline Documentary: The Age of AIDS

AIDS.ORG News, Various topics, Webcasts and Video

The Foundation for AIDS Research

Health Information for Women with HIV/AIDS

The Body: the Complete HIV/AIDS Resource

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HIV & Aging

Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

Conference Reports, Abstracts, and Posters

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HIV and Older Adults

Additional Useful Resources

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Dental Care & HIV/AIDS

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Ethical Issues in the Clinical Practice of Treating HIV Positive People

Overview: HIV and the Law

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Best Practices for General Clinical Situations

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HIV Ethics: Confidentiality

  • Magnusson, R.S., Privacy, confidentiality and HIV/AIDS health care. Aust J Public Health, 1994 Mar;18(1):51-8.
  • Reamer, F. (1987). Informed Consent in Social Work. Social Work, 32. Wood, G., Marks, R., and Dilley, J. (1992) AIDS Law for Mental Health Professionals. Berkeley, Celestial Arts.
  • Leslie E. Wolf, JD, MPH, University of California San Francisco and Bernard Lo, MD, University of California San Francisco, Ethical Dimensions of HIV/AIDS, HIV InSite Knowledge Base Chapter August 2001

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Obligation to Protect

  • Gostin L, Curran WJ. Legal control measures for AIDS: reporting requirements, surveillance, quarantine, and regulation of public meeting places. Am J Public Health. 1987 Feb;77(2):214-8.
  • Gostin L, Curran WJ. AIDS screening, confidentiality, and the duty to warn. Am J Public Health. 1987 Mar;77(3):361-5.
  • Lamb, Douglas H.; Clark, Claudia; Drumheller, Philip; Frizzell, Kathleen; Surrey, Lynn, Applying Tarasoff to AIDS-related psychotherapy issues. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. Vol 20(1), Feb 1989, 37-43.
  • Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California, 551 P.2d 334 (Cal. 1976).
  • Walker, G., (1991). In the Midst of Winter: Systemic Therapy with Families, Couples and Individuals with HIV Infection. New York: W.W. Norton and Company
  • Wood, G., Marks, R., and Dilley, J. (1992) AIDS Law for Mental Health Professionals. Berkeley, Celestial Arts.

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Obligation to Treat

  • Adler, G., Beckett, A., Psychotherapy with the patient with an HIV infection: Some ethical and therapeutic dilemmas. Psychosomatics. (30) Spring 1989.
  • Hayes, J. A., & Gelso, C. J. (1993). Male counselors' discomfort with gay and HIV-infected clients. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40 (1), 86-93.
  • Nelson, J. B. (1981). Religious and moral issues in working with homosexual clients. Journal of Homosexuality, 7 (2-3), 163-175.
  • Ryan, C., Rowe, M. (1988) AIDS: Legal and Ethical Issues. Social Casework, June.
  • Wood, G., Marks, R., and Dilley, J. (1992) AIDS Law for Mental Health Professionals. Berkeley, Celestial Arts.

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Confirmation of Capacity

  • Beckett, A., & Kassel, P. (1994). Neuropsychiatric dysfunction: Impact on psychotherapy with HIV-infected gay men. In S. A. Cadwell & R. A. Burnham Jr & et al. (Eds.), Therapists on the front line: Psychotherapy with gay men in the age of AIDS (pp. 147-162). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.
  • Cadwell, S. A., Burnham Jr, R. A., & Forstein, M. (Eds.). (1994). Therapists on the front line: Psychotherapy with gay men in the age of AIDS. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.
  • Folkman, S., & Chesney, M. (1995). Coping with HIV infection. In M. Stein & A. Baum (Eds.), Chronic diseases (pp. 115-133). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  • Lane, Steven R., and Levine, Richard N., Caring for Homeless People With HIV Disease in Focus: A Guide to AIDS Research and Counseling (04/90) Vol. 5, No. 5, P. 1.
  • Ostrow, D. G. (1996). Mental health issues across the HIV-1 spectrum for gay and bisexual men. In R. P. Cabaj & T. S. Stein (Eds.), Textbook of homosexuality and mental health (pp. 859-879). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.
  • Wood, G., Marks, R., and Dilley, J. (1992) AIDS Law for Mental Health Professionals. Berkeley, Celestial Arts

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Suicide and the HIV Positive Client

  • Battin, Margaret P., Rhodes, Rosamond, and Silvers, Anita, eds. Physician assisted suicide: expanding the debate, NY: Routledge, 1998.
  • Coombs Lee, B. & Werth, J. L., Jr. (in press). Observations on the first year of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law.
  • Forstein M. 1994. Suicidality and HIV. In: Cadwell S, Burnham R, Forstein M, editors. Therapists on the frontline: psychotherapy with gay men in the age of AIDS. Washington (DC): American Psychiatric Press. p 111-45.
  • Lesley, R. (2008). Suicide/Self Harm - The Practitioner's Role. Legal Resources, CPH. Retrieved from http://cphins.com/LegalResources/BulletinArchive/tabid/66/cid/123/sid/93/Default.aspx April 1, 2009.
  • Smith, T., End-of-Life Issues and Care: Arguments in Support of and Opposition to Assisted Suicide in End of Life Issues: Managing Dying, Death & Beyond. 2008. Zur Institute.
  • Werth, Jr., Ph.D., James L.; Richmond, Jessica; Counseling those near the end of life, The National Psychologist, p. 23, May/June 2007.
  • Wood, G., Marks, R., and Dilley, J. (1992) AIDS Law for Mental Health Professionals. Berkeley, Celestial Arts.

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Curative, Palliative and Hospice Care

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Arguments Regarding Assisted Suicide

  • Angell, M. (1996). Euthanasia in the Netherlands-Good news or bad? New England Journal of Medicine, 335, 1676-1678.
  • Battin, Margaret P., Rhodes, Rosamond, and Silvers, Anita, eds. Physician assisted suicide: expanding the debate, NY: Routledge, 1998.
  • Coombs Lee, B. & Werth, J. L., Jr. (in press). Observations on the first year of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law.
  • Dworkin, R. M. Life's Dominion: An Argument About Abortion, Euthanasia, and Individual Freedom. New York: Knopf, 1993.
  • Dworkin, R. M., New York review of books, Volume 44, Number 14, September 25, 1997, Assisted Suicide: What the Court Really Said.
  • Fenn, D. S., & Ganzini, L. (1999). Attitudes of Oregon psychologists toward physician-assisted suicide and the Oregon Death With Dignity Act. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 30, 235-244.
  • Foley, K., & Hendin, H. (1999) The Oregon report: Don't ask, don't tell. Hastings Center Report, 29, 37-42.
  • Ganzini, L., Fenn, D. S., Lee, M. A., Heintz, R. T., & Bloom, J. D. (1996). Attitudes of Oregon psychiatrists toward physician-assisted suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1469-1475.
  • Ganzini, L., Nelson, H. D., Schmidt, T. A., Kraemer, D. F., Delorit, M. A., & Lee, M. A. (2000). Physicians' experiences with the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. New England Journal of Medicine, 342, 557-563.
  • Gomez, G. (1991). Regulating death: Euthanasia and the case of the Netherlands. New York: The Free Press.
  • Griffiths, J., Bood, A., & Weyers, H. (1998). Euthanasia & law in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  • Groenewoud, J. H., van der Heide, A., Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B. D., Willems, D. L., van der Maas, P. J., & van der Wal, G. (2000). Clinical problems with the performance of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the Netherlands. New England Journal of Medicine, 342, 551-556.
  • Haley, W., Larson, D., Kasl-Godley, J., Neimeyer, R., & Kwilosz, D. (2003). Roles for Psychologists in End-of-Life Care: Emerging Models of Practice. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. 626-633.
  • Hendin, H., Rutenfrans, C., & Zylicz, Z. (1997). Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in the Netherlands: Lessons from the Dutch. JAMA, 277, 1720-1722.
  • Hendin, Herbert, Seduced by Death:Doctors, Patients, and the Dutch Cure (Norton, 1997).
  • Kleespies, P. (2004). Life and death decisions: Psychological and ethical considerations in end-of-life care. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • P.J. van der Maas, J.J.M. van Delden, and L. Pijnenborg, "Euthanasia and other Medical Decisions Concerning the End of Life," translated and printed as special supplement 1 and 2 to Volume 22 of Health Policy.
  • Seligman, Katherine; "Hastening the End" in the San Francisco Chronicle Magazine, June 8, 2008.
  • Stone, T. Howard, and Winslade, William J. "Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in the United States" in Journal of Legal Medicine (16:481-507), December 1995.
  • Task Force to Improve the Care of Terminally-Ill Oregonians (1998). The Oregon Death with Dignity Act: A guide book for health care providers. Portland, OR: Center for Ethics in Health Care, Oregon Health Sciences University. Department of Human Services, Public Health, Division 9, Reporting Requirements of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act.
  • The Oregon Death with Dignity Act: Oregon Revised Statutes
  • FAQ about the Death With Dignity Act
  • APA (2016).

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Other References and Resources

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  • Brennan-Ing M, DeMarco RF (eds) (2017). HIV and Aging. Interdiscipl Top Gerontol Geriatr. Basel, Karger, vol 42, pp 101-118: Part II: Multimorbidity and Geriatric Care of HIV Patient Disability among Persons Aging with HIV/AIDS, Leveille S.G. · Thapa S.
  • Brooks RA, Landovitz RJ, Regan R, Lee S-J, Allen VC, Jr. (2015). Perceptions of and intentions to adopt HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among black men who have sex with men in Los Angeles. Int J STD AIDS.26(14):1040–8.
  • Bush S, Ng L, Magnuson D, Piontkowsky D, Mera R. (2015). Significant uptake of Truvada for pre-exposure prophylaxis utilization in the U.S. in 2014. 10th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence; Miami, FL.
  • Cohen SE, Vittinghoff E, Bacon O, Doblecki-Lewis S, Postle BS, Feaster DJ, et al. (2015). High interest in pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men at risk for HIV-infection: baseline data from the US PrEP demonstration Project. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr.68(4):439–48.
  • Gomez GB, Borquez A, Case KK, Wheelock A, Vassall A, Hankins C. (2013). The cost and impact of scaling up pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention: a systematic review of cost-effectiveness modelling studies. PLoS Med.10(3):e1001401.
  • Graffigna, G., Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice Volume 4 of the series Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability pp 319-334 Qualitative Evidence in the Study of HIV/AIDS and Sensitive Topics: The Contribution of Onlin Qualitative Research.
  • Grant RM, Anderson PL, McMahan V, Liu A, Amico KR, Mehrotra M, et al. (2014). Uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis, sexual practices, and HIV incidence in men and transgender women who have sex with men: a cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis.14(9):820–9.
  • Hoff CC, Chakravarty D, Bircher AE, Campbell CK, Grisham K, Neilands TB, et al. (2015). Attitudes towards PrEP and anticipated condom use among concordant HIV-negative and HIV-discordant male couples. AIDS Patient Care STDS.29(7):408–17.
  • Molina JM, Capitant C, Spire B, Pialoux G, Cotte L, Charreau I, et al. (2015). Ondemand preexposure prophylaxis in men at high risk for HIV-1 infection. NEngl J Med.373(23):2237–46.
  • Munoz-Laboy, ‪M., Garcia, J., Moon-Howard, J., Wilson, P.A., Parker, R.‬: Religious Responses to HIV and AIDS Routledge, Jan 8, 2016 - Social Science - 171 pages
  • Mutchler MG, McDavitt B, Ghani MA, Nogg K, Winder TJ, Soto JK. (2015). Getting PrEPared for HIV prevention navigation: young Black gay men talk about HIV prevention in the biomedical era. AIDS Patient Care STDS.29(9):490–502.
  • Rodriguez-Jimenez J. Are Black gay men on board with using PrEP? HIV Plus. July 29, 2014
  • Rosenberg ES, Millett GA, Sullivan PS, Del Rio C, Curran JW. (2014). Understanding the HIV disparities between black and white men who have sex with men in the USA using the HIV care continuum: a modeling study. The Lancet HIV.1(3):e112–8.
  • Sharer, M., Cluver, L., Shields, JJ, Ahearn, F. The power of siblings and caregivers: under-explored types of social support among children affected by HIV and AIDS. Journal AIDS Care Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV Volume 28, 2016 - Issue sup2: Equity Supplement (sponsored by the Coalition for Children Affected by AIDS)
  • Smith DK, Van Handel M, Wolitski RJ, Stryker JE, Hall HI, Prejean J, et al. (2015). Vital signs: estimated percentages and numbers of adults with indications for preexposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV acquisition - United States, 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep.64(46):1291–5.
  • Tellalian D, Maznavi K, Bredeek UF, Hardy WD. (2013). Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV infection: results of a survey of HIV healthcare providers evaluating their knowledge, attitudes, and prescribing practices. AIDS Patient Care STDS.27(10):553–9.
  • Vaughan, Adam S., Kramer, Michael R., Cooper, Hannah L.F., Rosenberg, Eli S., Sullivan, Patrick S. (2017). Activity spaces of men who have sex with men: An initial exploration of geographic variation in locations of routine, potential sexual risk, and prevention behaviors. Journal of Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 175, pp 1-10.
  • Wade Taylor S, Mayer KH, Elsesser SM, Mimiaga MJ, O'Cleirigh C, Safren SA. (2014). Optimizing content for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) counseling for men who have sex with men: Perspectives of PrEP users and high-risk PrEP naive men. AIDS Behav.18(5):871–9.
  • Wang H, Zhang C, Ruan Y, Li X, Fennie K, Williams AB. (2014). Depressive symptoms and social support among people living with HIV in hunan. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care: China.
  • Young, L.E., Jonas, A.B., Michaels, S., Jackson, J.D., Pierce, M.L., Schneider, J.A., for the uConnect Study Team. Social-structural properties and HIV prevention among young men who have sex with men in the ballroom house and independent gay family communities, Journal of Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 174, pp. 26-34., February 2017

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