pageside
Zur Institute, INNOVATIVE RESOURCES and ONLINE CONTINUING EDUCATION
Sign In
 
.
pageside
HR
Pageside

CSS Submit Button Rollover Css3Menu.com

Pageside
Pageside

 

Power in Therapy

Resources

This resource page is part of an Online Course
Power Relationships in Psychotherapy: Rethinking Therapists' Omnipotence and Clients' "Inherent" Vulnerability

CE Credits for Psychologists. CE Credits (CEUs) for LMFTs, Social Workers, Counselors and Nurses.
CE Approvals by BBS-CA, ASWB, NBCC, NAADAC, CA-BRN & more.
Zur Institute is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Zur Institute maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

 

 


Online Resources on Power in Therapy

Articles based on French & Raven's Popular Conceptualization of Five bases of Power:

Professional Organizations Codes Of Ethics

Zur, O. (2009). Power in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Exploring the "inherent power differential" and related myths about therapists' omnipotence and clients' vulnerability. Independent Practitioner 29, (3), 160-164.

Zur, O. (2008). Re-Thinking the "Power Differential" in Psychotherapy: Exploring the myth of therapists' omnipotence and patients' fragility. Voice: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy, 44 (3), 32-40.

Top of Page

 

Books

Dineen, T. (1996). Manufacturing victims: What the psychology industry is doing to people. Westmount, Quebec, Canada: Robert Davies.

Frank, J. D. (1973). Persuasion and healing: A comparative study of psychotherapy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Heller, D. (1985). Power in Psychotherapeutic Practice. New York: Human Sciences Press.

Proctor, G. (2002) The Dynamics of Power in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Ethics, Politics, and Practice. Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire: PCCS Books.

Top of Page

 

Bibliography-Critique of Traditional View of Power

Breggin, P. (1991). Toxic Psychiatry: why therapy, empathy and love must replace the drugs, electroshock and biochemical theories of the "new psychiatry." New York: St. Martin's Press.

Breggin, P. (1994). Talking back to Prozac: what doctors aren't telling you about today's most controversial drug. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Caplan, P. J. (1995). They say you're crazy: How the world's most powerful psychiatrists decide who's normal. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.

Dawes, R. M. (1994). House of cards: Psychology and psychotherapy built on myth. New York: Free Press.

DeVries, J. (1994). The Dynamic of Power in Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 31, 588-593.

Dineen, T. (1996). Manufacturing victims: What the psychology industry is doing to people. Westmount, Quebec, Canada: Robert Davies.

Greenspan, M. (1986). Should therapists be personal? Self-disclosure and therapeutic distance in feminist therapy. In D. Howard (Ed.), The Dynamics of Feminist Therapy (pp. 5-17). New York: The Haworth Press.

Greenspan, M. (1994). On professionalism. In C. Heyward, (Ed.), When boundaries betray us. (pp.193-205). San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Heller, D. (1985). Power in Psychotherapeutic Practice. New York: Human Sciences Press.

Heyward, C. (Ed.) (1994). When boundaries betray us. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Hunter, M., & Struve, J. (1998). The ethical use of touch in psychotherapy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Laing, R.D. 1985. Wisdom, Madness and Folly: The Making of a Psychiatrist 1927- 1957. London: Macmillan.

Lazarus, A.A. (1994). The illusion of the therapist's power and the patient's fragility: my rejoinder. Ethics and Behavior, 4, 299-306.

Lazarus, A.A. (2007). Restrictive Draconian Views Must Be Vigorously Challenged. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38, 405-406.

Lazarus, A. A. & Zur, O. (Eds.) (2002). Dual Relationships and Psychotherapy. New York: Springer.

Masson, J. (1989). Against Therapy. New York: HarperCollins

Proctor, G. (2002) The Dynamics of Power in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Ethics, Politics, and Practice. Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire: PCCS Books.

Rogers, C.R. (1978) Carl Rogers on Personal Power. London: Constable.

Rosenhan, D. L. (1973). On being sane in insane places. Science, 179, 250-258.

Starhawk (1987). Truth or dare: Encounters with power, authority, and mastery. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Sutherland, O. (2007). Therapist Positioning and Power in Discursive Therapies: A Comparative Analysis. Contemporary Family Therapy, 29, 193-209.

Sykes, C. J. (1992). A Nation Of Victims: The Decay Of The American Character. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Szasz, T. (1997). The Manufacture of Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the Mental Health Movement, Syracuse Univ Press.

Tavris, C. (1993, January). Beware the incest survivor machine. New York Times, Book Review, pp. 1,16-1.

Tomm, K. (1993). The ethics of dual relationships. California Therapist, 5 (1), 7-19.

Williams, M. H. (2000). "Victimized by victims:' a taxonomy of antecedents of false complaints against psychotherapists," Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31 (1), 75-81. (Available online at: http://www.drmwilliams.com/SAdocs/victim.html

Williams, M. H. (2002). Multiple relationships: A malpractice plaintiffs' litigation strategy. In A. A. Lazarus & O. Zur (Eds.), Dual relationships and psychotherapy (pp. 228-238). New York: Springer.

Wright, R. H. (1985). The Wright way: Who needs enemies? Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 3 111-118.

Zur, O. (1994). Rethinking "Don't Blame the Victim": Psychology of victimhood. Journal of Couple Therapy, 4 (3/4), 15-36.

Zur, O. (2005). Dumbing down of psychology: Manufactured consent about the depravity of dual relationships in therapy. In R. H. Wright & N. A. Cummings (Eds.), Destructive trends in mental health: The well-intentioned road to harm (pp. 253-282). New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Zur, O. (2007a). Boundaries in Psychotherapy: Ethical and Clinical Explorations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Zur, O. (2008). DSM: Diagnosing for Status and Money. National Psychologist, May/June, 15.

Zur, O. (2008). Re-Thinking the "Power Differential" in Psychotherapy: Exploring the myth of therapists' omnipotence and patients' fragility. Voice: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy, 44 (3), 32-40.

Zur, O. (2009). Power in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Exploring the "inherent power differential" and related myths about therapists' omnipotence and clients' vulnerability. Independent Practitioner 29, (3), 160-164.

Zur, O. and Nordmarken, N. (2007). DSM: Diagnosing for Money and Power" Summary of the Critique of the DSM. Retrieved Nov. 10, 2008 from http://www.zurinstitute.com/dsmcritique.html.

Top of Page

 

Bibliography-Traditional View of Power and Gen. References to Power

Appelbaum, O. S. & Thomas G. Gutheil, T. G. (2006). Clinical Handbook of Psychiatry & the Law. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Arendt, H. (1986) Communicative Power. In S. Lukes (ed.) Power Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Barnett, J. (2007. Boundary issues and multiple relationships: Fantasy and reality. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38, 401-405.

Barnett, J., & Johnson, W. B. (2008). Ethics desk reference for psychologists. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.

Bernstein B. E. and Hartsell, T. L. (2004) The Portable Lawyer for Mental Health Professionals: An A-Z Guide to Protecting Your Clients, Your Practice, and Yourself. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Bersoff, D. (1999). Ethical conflicts in psychology (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Beauchamp, T., & Childress, J. (2001). Principles of biomedical ethics (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bloomgarden, A. and Mennuti, R. B. (Eds) (2009). Psychotherapist Revealed: Therapists Speak about Self-Disclosure. New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Borys, D. S. (1992). Nonsexual dual relationships. In L. Vandecreek, S. Knapp, & T. L. Jackson (Eds.), Innovations in clinical practice: A source book, Vol. 11. (pp. 443-454). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange.

Borys, D. S., & Pope, K. S. (1989). Dual relationships between therapist and client: A national study of psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20, 283-293.

Bouhoutsos, J. (1985). Therapist-client sexual involvement: A challenge for mental health professionals and educators. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 55, 177-182.

Brown, L. S. (1994). Boundaries in feminist therapy: A conceptual formulation. In N. K. Gartrell (Ed.), Bringing ethics alive: Feminist ethics in psychotherapy practice (pp. 29-38). New York: Haworth Press.

Brown, L.S. (1988) Harmful effects of post-termination romantic and sexual relationships between therapists and their former clients. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training. 25, pp. 249-255.

Brody, H. (1992) The Healer's Power 311 pp. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1992.

Caudill, B. Jr., (2008) Malpractice & Licensing Pitfalls for Therapists: A Defense Attorney's List. Retrieved from http://www.kspope.com/ethics/malpractice.php

Celenza, A, (2007). Sexual boundary violations: Therapeutic, supervisory, and academic contexts. Lanham, MD, US: Jason Aronson. 269 pp).

Celenza, 2008) April 1, 2008 Psychiatric Times. Vol. 25 No. 4 http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/display/article/10168/1153232.

Douglas, M. A. (1985). The role of power in feminist therapy: A reformulation. In L. B. Rosewater and L.E.A. Walker (Eds.), Handbook of feminist therapy (pp. 241-249). New York: Springer.

Epstein, R. S. (1994). Keeping boundaries: Maintaining safety and integrity in the psychotherapeutic process. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Epstein, R. S., & Simon, R. I. (1990). The exploitation index: An early warning indicator of boundary violations in psychotherapy. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 54, 450-465.

Epstein, R. S., Simon, R. I., & Kay, G. G. (1992). Assessing boundary violations in psychotherapy: Survey results with the exploitation index. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 56, 150-166.

Foucault, M. (1980). Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings. New York: Pantheon.

Frank, J. D. (1973). Persuasion and healing: A comparative study of psychotherapy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

French, J. P. R. Jr., and Raven, B. (1960). The bases of social power. In D. Cartwright and A. Zander (eds.), Group dynamics (pp. 607-623). New York: Harper and Row.

Gabbard, G. (1994). Teetering on the precipice: A commentary on Lazarus's "How certain boundaries and ethics diminish therapeutic effectiveness." Ethics and Behavior, 4, 283-286.

Gabbard, G. O. (1989). Sexual Exploitation in Professional Relationships. New York: American Psychiatric Pub.

Gottlieb, M. C. (1993). Avoiding exploitative dual relationships: A decision-making model. Psychotherapy, 30(1), 41-48.

Gonsiorek, J. C. and Brown, L. S. (1989). Post therapy sexual relationships with clients. In G. R. Schoener, J. H. Milgrom, J. C. Gonsiorek, E. T. Luepker, and R. M. Conroe (Eds.), Psychotherapists' sexual involvement with clients (pp. 289-301). Minneapolis: Walk-in Counseling Center.

Gottlieb, M. C. (1993). Avoiding exploitative dual relationships: A decision making model. . Psychotherapy, 30, 41-48.

Gutheil, T. G. & Brodsky, A. (2008). Preventing boundary Violation in Clinical Practice. New York: Gilford Press.

Gutheil, TG (1989). "Borderline personality disorder, boundary violations and patient-therapist sex: medicolegal pitfalls," American Journal of Psychiatry, 146 (5), 597-603.

Herlihy, B., & Corey, G. (2006). Boundary issues in counseling: Multiple roles and responsibilities (2nd ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Association for Counseling and Development.

Herman, J., Gartrell, N. Olarte, et al. (1987). Psychiatrist-patient sexual contact: Results of a national survey, I: prevalence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 164-169.

Jones, E. (1951). The God Complex." In idem, Essays in Applied Psychoanalysis, 2, pp. 244-65. London: Hogarth Press.

Jourard, S. M. (1971) The transparent self. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. (Originally published in 1964.)

Kitchener, K. S. (1988). Dual role relationships: What makes them so problematic? Journal of Counseling and Development, 67, 217-221.

Knapp, S. J., & Slattery, J. M. (2004). Professional boundaries in nontraditional settings. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 14, 553-558.

Knapp, S. J., & VandeCreek, L. D. (2006). Practical ethics for psychologists: A positive approach. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Koocher, G. P., & Keith-Spiegel, P. (1998). Ethics in psychology: Professional standards and cases (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Koocher, G. P. & Keith-Spiegel, P. C. (2008). Ethics in Psychology and the Mental Health Professions: Professional Standards and Cases (3rd edition). New York: Oxford University Press.

Laing, R.D. 1985. Wisdom, Madness and Folly: The Making of a Psychiatrist 1927- 1957. London: Macmillan.

Langs, R. (1982). Psychotherapy: A basic text. New York: Aronson.

Mattison, D., Jayaratne, S., & Croxton, T. (2002). Client or former client? Implications of ex-client definition on social work practice. Social Work, 47, 55-64. Retrieved on Nov. 25, 2008 from http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-1351590/Client-or-former-client-Implications.html

Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67/4, 371-378.

Milioni, D. (2007). 'Oh, Jo! You can't see that real life is not like riding a horse!': Clients' constructions of power and metaphor in therapy. Radical Psychology, 6/1. Retrieved on September 23, 2008 from http://www.radpsynet.org/journal/vol6-1/milioni.htm

Plaut, M. (1995). Sex therapy after treatment by an exploitative therap. In R. Rosen, S. R. Leiblum, Case Studies in Sex Therapy, (pp 264-278). New York: Published by Guilford Press.

Pope, K. S., & Vasquez, M. J. T. (2007). Ethics in psychotherapy and counseling: A practical guide (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Rave E., & Larsen, C. (Eds). (1995). Ethical decision making in therapy: Feminist perspectives. New York: Guilford Press.

Rutter, P. (1989). Sex in the forbidden zone. New York: Fawcett Crest.

Sarkar, S. P. (2009). Life after therapy: post-termination boundary violations in psychiatry and psychotherapy. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 15, 82-87.

Schoener, R. G. (1998). Boundaries in Professional Relationships. Presented to the Norwegian Psychological Association in Oslo, Norway, 3 & 4 September 1997. Retrieved on Oct. 16, 2008 from http://www.advocateweb.org/hope/boundariesinrelationships.asp

Schonner, G. (2000). Exploitation of Professional Relationships. First Swiss Congress Against Violence & Abuse of Power. Pre-congress Workshop, Rehabilitation for the professional who has violated boundaries. (21 September)

Simon, R. I. (1991). Psychological injury caused by boundary violation: Precursors to therapist-patient sex. Psychiatric Annals, 21, 614-619.

Simon, R. I. (1994). Transference in therapist-patient sex: The illusion of patient improvement and consent, Part 1. Psychiatric Annals, 24, 509-515.

Singer, M. and Lalich, J. (1995). Cults in Our Midst. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass.

Smith, E., Clance, P .R., & Imes, S. (Eds.). (1998). Touch in psychotherapy: Theory, research and practice. New York: Guilford Press.

Slattery, J. M. (2005). Preventing role slippage during work in the community: Guidelines for new psychologists and supervisees. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 42, 384-394.

Sonne, J. L. (1994). Multiple relationships: Does the new ethics code answer the right questions? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 25, 331-343.

Sonne, J. L. (2006) Nonsexual multiple relationships: A practical decision-making model for clinicians. The Independent Practitioner, Fall, 187-192.

Sonne, J. L., & Pope, K. S. (1991). Treating victims of therapist-patient involvement. Psychotherapy, 28, 174-187.

Spinelli, E. D. (1998). Counseling and the abuse of power. Counseling, 9/3, 181-184.

Starhawk (1987). Truth or dare: Encounters with power, authority, and mastery. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

St. Germaine, J. (1996). Dual relationships and certified alcohol and drug counselors: A national study of ethical beliefs and behaviors. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 14(2), 29-45.

Strasburger, L. H, Jorgenson, L. & Sutherland, P. (1992). The prevention of psychotherapist sexual misconduct: Avoiding the slippery slope. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 46(4) 544-555. P. 544).

Stricker, G., & Fisher, M. (Eds.). (1990). Self-disclosure in the therapeutic relationship. New York: Plenum Press.

Sutherland, O. (2007). Therapist Positioning and Power in Discursive Therapies: A Comparative Analysis. Contemporary Family Therapy, 29, 193-209.

Veldhuis, C. B. (2001). The trouble with power. Women & Therapy, 23, 37-56.

Walling, D. and Levine, R. E. (1997). Power in the hypnotic relationship: Therapeutic or Abusive? American Journal of Psychotherapy, 51, 67-76.

Welch, B. L. (2000). Borderline patients: Danger ahead. Insight: Safeguarding Psychologists Against Liability, 2, 1-6.

Winer, J. D. (2008). Ten Simple Steps to Success in Litigating Therapist Abuse Cases. Retrieved on September 23, 2008 from http://www.advocateweb.org/hope2/tenstepslitigating.htm)

Younggren, J. N., & Gottlieb, M. C. (2004). Managing risk when contemplating multiple relationships. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 35, 255-260.

Zilbergeld, B. (1983). The Shrinking of America. Boston: Little, Brown.

Zimbardo, P. G. (1972). Pathology of imprisonment. Society, 6, 4, 6, 8.

Top of Page

Pageside
Pageside

 

 

Instructions for requesting accommodations for disabilities

Refund and Course Exchange Policies


Share This:

Follow Us On:     TwitterFacebookLinkedInGoogle Plus

Click here to receive clinical updates by e-mail.

Online Courses  -  Zur Institute on YouTubeYouTube
Live Workshops  -  Forensic & Expert Witness Services - Consultations for Therapists
Private Practice Handbook  -  HIPAA Compliance Kit  -  Clinical Forms  -  CE Info  -  Discussions
Online Catalog -  Free Articles  - Boundaries & Dual Relationships  - General Public Resources  - Seminars For General Public
Organizational Discounts  -  About Us  -  FAQ  - Privacy, Disclaimer, Terms of Use, DMCA  -  ADA Policy & Grievance - CV
Home -  Contact Us  -  Site Map


ZUR INSTITUTE, Inc.
Ofer Zur, Ph.D., Director

321 S. Main St. #29, Sebastopol, CA 95472
Phone: 707-935-0655, Fax: 707-736-7045, Email: info@zurinstitute.com

© 1997-2016 Zur Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Privacy Statement, Disclaimer & Terms of Use.
Site design/maintenance by R&D Web

Pageside