pageside
Zur Institute, INNOVATIVE RESOURCES and ONLINE CONTINUING EDUCATION
Sign In
 
.
pageside
HR
Pageside

CSS Submit Button Rollover Css3Menu.com

Pageside
Pageside

 

Attachment Theory and the Therapeutic Alliance

Resources & Updates

This resource page is part of three Online Courses
Attachment Theory and the Therapeutic Alliance
Attachment Theory: Introduction to Infant Attachment
Clients' Attachment Styles and Therapy Outcomes

CE Credits for Psychologists. CE Credits (CEUs) for LMFTs, Social Workers, Counselors and Nurses.
CE Approvals by BBS-CA, ASWB, NBCC, NAADAC, CA-BRN & more.
Zur Institute is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Zur Institute maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

 

 

 

Online Resources

Top of Page

 

Books and Articles on the Alliance

  • The Website of Joseph H. Obegi, PsyD
    On my resources page I'll occasionally post articles I've written about the clinical application of attachment ideas. You'll also find a link to my recent book that I co-edited with Ety Berant, "Attachment Theory and Research in Clinical Work with Adults."
  • Ackerman, S. J., & Hilsenroth, M. J. (2003). A review of therapist characteristics and techniques positively impacting the therapeutic alliance. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 1-33.
  • Bordin, E. S. (1979). The generalizability of the psychoanalytic concept of the working alliance. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 16, 252-260.
  • Chambless, D. L., Crits-Christoph, P., Wampold, B. E., Norcross, J. C., Lambert, M. J., Bohart, A. C., et al. (2006). What Should Be Validated? In J. C. Norcross, L. E. Beutler, & R. F. Levant (Eds.), Evidence-based practices in mental health: Debate and dialogue on the fundamental questions. (pp. 191-256). American Psychological Association.
  • Fitzpatrick, M. R., Janzen, J., Chamodraka, M., & Park, J. (2006). Client critical incidents in the process of early alliance development: A positive emotion-exploration spiral. Psychotherapy Research, 16, 486-498.
  • Gelso, C. J., & Carter, J. A. (1994). Components of the psychotherapy relationship: Their interaction and unfolding during treatment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 296-306.
  • Greenson, R. R. (1967). The technique and practice of psychoanalysis. New York: International Universities Press.
  • Hatcher, R. L. (2010). Alliance theory and measurement. In J. C. Muran, & J. P. Barber (Eds.), The therapeutic alliance: An evidence-based guide to practice (pp. 7-28). New York: Guilford Press.
  • Hatcher, R., L (1), & Barends, A., W (1). (2006). How a return to theory could help alliance research. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 43, 292-299.
  • Hill, C. E., & Knox, S. (2009). Processing the therapeutic relationship. Psychotherapy Research, Vol 19, 13-29.
  • Horvath, A. O., & Bedi, R. P. (2002). The alliance. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work: Therapist contributions and responsiveness to patients (pp. 37-69). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Martin, D. J., Garske, J. P., & Davis, M. K. (2000). Relation of the therapeutic alliance with outcome and other variables: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 438-450.
  • Muran, J. C., & Barber, J. P. (Eds.). (2010). The therapeutic alliance: An evidence-based guide to practice. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Norcross, J. C. (Ed.). (2002). Psychotherapy Relationships that Work: Therapist Contributions and Responsiveness to Patients. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Obegi, Joseph H. and Ety Berant (Eds.). (2008). Attachment Theory and Research in Clinical Work with Adults. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Orlinsky, D. E., Ronnestad, M. H., & Willutzki, U. (2004). Fifty years of psychotherapy process-outcome research: Continuity and change. In M. J. Lambert (Ed.), Bergin and Garfield's handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (5th ed., pp. 307-389). New York: Wiley.
  • Safran, J. D., Muran, J. C., Samstag, L. W., & Stevens, C. (2002). Repairing alliance ruptures. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work: Therapist contributions and responsiveness to patients (pp. 235-254). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Samstag, L. W., Muran, J. C., & Safran, J. D. (2004). Defining and identifying alliance ruptures. In D. P. Charman (Ed.), Core processes in brief psychodynamic psychotherapy: Advancing effective practice (pp. 187-214). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Top of Page

 

Books and Articles on Attachment and the Therapeutic Relationship

  • Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Clinical applications of attachment theory. London: Routledge.
  • Daly, K. D., & Mallinckrodt, B. (2009). Experienced therapist's approach to psychotherapy for adults with attachment avoidance or attachment anxiety. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56, 549-563.
  • Dozier, M., & Tyrrell, C. (1998). The role of attachment in therapeutic relationships. In J. A. Simpson, & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp. 221-248). New York: Guilford Press.
  • Farber, B. A., & Metzger, J. A. (2009). The therapist as a secure base. In J. H. Obegi, & E. Berant (Eds.), Attachment theory and research in clinical work with adults (pp. 46-70). New York: Guilford Press.
  • Holmes, J. (2009). Exploring in security: Towards an attachment-informed psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Hove, East Sussex ; New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Janzen, J., Fitzpatrick, M., & Drapeau, M. (2008). Processes involved in client-nominated relationship building incidents: Client attachment, attachment to therapist, and session impact. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 45, 377-390.
  • Obegi, J. H. (2008). The development of the client-therapist bond through the lens of attachment theory. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 45, 431-446.
  • Obegi, J. H., & Berant, E. (Eds.). (2009). Attachment theory and research in clinical work with adults. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Parish, M., & Eagle, M. N. (2003). Attachment to the therapist. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 20, 271-286.
  • Mallinckrodt, B., Gantt, D. L., & Coble, H. M. (1995). Attachment patterns in the psychotherapy relationship: Development of the client attachment to therapist scale. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42, 307-317.
  • Smith, A. E. M., Msetfi, R. M., & Golding, L. (2010). Client self rated adult attachment patterns and the therapeutic alliance: A systematic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 326-337.
  • Wallin, D. J. (2007). Attachment in psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press.

References on Infant Attachment

  • Adam, K. S., Sheldon-Keller, A. E., & West, M. (1996). Attachment Organization and History of Suicidal Behavior in Clinical adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(2), 264-272. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1979). Attachment as related to mother-infant interaction. Advances in the Study of Behavior. 9, 2-52.
  • Ainsworth, M. thibs4. “The Strange Situation.” YouTube. Web. 21 July 2011.
  • Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978) Patterns of attachment: Assessed in the strange situation and at home. Hillsdale, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Eichberg, C. G. (1991). Effects on infant-mother attachment of mother’s unresolved loss of an attachment figure, or other traumatic experience. In C. M. Parkes, J. Stevenson-Hinde, & P. Marris (Eds.), Attachment across the life cycle (pp. 160-183). London: Routledge.
  • Ammaniti, M., Speranza, A. M., & Candelori, C. (1996). Stabilita dell'attaccamento infantile e transmissione intergenerazionale dell'attaccamento [Stability of infant attachment and intergenerational transmission of attachment]. Psichiatria dell'Infanzia e dell'Adolescenza, 63, 313–332.
  • Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (1997). Stability of disorganized attachment in the second year of life. Unpublished manuscript, Leiden University.
  • Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory, 2nd ed. San Antonio, TX.: Psychological Corporation Boston: Harcourt Brace.
  • Bernstein, E. M. & Putnam, F. W. (1986). Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 174, 727-735.
  • Barach, Peter M. (1991). Multiple personality disorder as an attachment disorder. Dissociation: Progress in the Dissociative Disorders, 4(3), 117-123.
  • Barnett, D., Ganiban, J., & Cicchetti, D. (1997). Maltreatment, emotional reactivity, and the development of type D attachments from 12- to 24-months of age. Unpublished manuscript.
  • Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four-category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226-244.
  • Beeghly, M., Nelson, K. M., Olson, K. L., Kernan, H., Markov, Y., Weinberg, M. K., & Tronick, E. Z. (1997). Effects of maternal depression on infant attachment in a low risk sample. Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Washington, DC.
  • Belsky, J., Rovine, M., & Taylor, D. G. (1984). The Pennsylvania Infant and Family Development Project, III: The origins of individual differences in infant-mother attachment: Maternal and infant contributions. Child Development, 55(3), 718-728. Retrieved November 23, 2004 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Benjamin, L. R.., & Benjamin, R. (1994). Various perspectives on parenting and their implications for the treatment of dissociative disorders. Dissociation: Progress in the Dissociative Disorders, 7(4) 246-260.
  • Benoit, D., & Parker, K. C. (1994). Stability and transmission of attachment across three generations. Child Development, 65, 1444-1456. Retrieved April 26, 2005 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Berlin, N. G. (2002). Parent-child therapy and maternal projections: Tripartite psychotherapy-a new look. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 72 (2), 2004-216.
  • Blehar, M. C.; Lieberman, A. F.; & Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1977) Early face-to-face interaction and its relation to later infant-mother attachment. Child Development, 48, 182-194. Retrieved November 23, 2004 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Blizard, R. A. (1997). The origins of dissociative identity disorder from an object relations and attachment theory perspective. Dissociation: Progress in the Dissociative Disorders, 10(4), 223-229.
  • Bokhorst, C. L., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Fearon, R. M. P., van Ijzendoorn, M. H., Fonagy, P., & Schuengel, C. (2003). The importance of shared environment in mother-infant attachment security: A behavioral genetic study. Child Development, 74(6), 1769-1782.
  • Boris, N. W., Wheeler, E.E., Heller, S.S. & Zeanah, C.H. (2000). Attachment and developmental psychopathology, Psychiatry, 63(1), 75-84. Retrieved March 25, 2002, from ProQuest Direct database.
  • Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss. Vol. I, Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
  • Bowlby, R. popmoc. “Secure Attachment & the Key Person in Daycare. A basic guide to attachment theory.” Youtube. Web. 21 July 2011
  • Braun, B. G. (1985). The transgenerational incidence of dissociation and multiple personality disorder: A preliminary report. In Kluft, R. (Ed.) Childhood antecedents of multiple personality. Washington, D.C. American Psychiatric Press.
  • Brennan, K. A., & Shaver, P. R. (1998). Attachment styles and personality disorders: Their connections to each other and to parental divorce, parental death, and perceptions of parental caregiving. Journal of Personality, 66(5), 835-874.
  • Broussard, E. R. (1995). Infant attachment in a sample of adolescent mothers. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 25, 211-219.
  • Carlson, E. A. (1998). A prospective longitudinal study of attachment disorganization/disorientation. Child Development, 69(4), 1107-1128.
  • Carlson, V., Cicchetti, D., Barnett D., Braunwald, K. (1989). Disorganized/Disoriented attachment relationships in maltreated infants. Developmental Psychology, 25(4), 525-531. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Carlson, E. B., & Putnam, F. W. (2000). DES-II. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 20(2), 361- 366.
  • Carlson, E. A., & Sroufe, L. (1995). Contribution of attachment theory to developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology Volume 1 Theory and Methods. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  • Chong, S.F.C., Werker, J.F., Russell, J.A., & Carroll, J.M. (2003). Three facial expressions mothers direct to their infants. Infant and Child Development, 12, 211-232.
  • Cicchetti, D. & Barnett, D. (1991). Attachment organization in maltreated preschoolers. Special issue: Attachment and developmental psychopathology. Development and psychopathology, 3, 397-411.
  • Clark, M. S., & Pataki, S. P. (1995). Interpersonal processes influencing attraction and relationships. In Tesser, A. (Ed.), Advanced Social Psychology. USA: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • CNN (2005, March 18). Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties. CNN News. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2003/iraq/forces/casualties/
  • Coe, M. T., Dalenberg, C. J., Aransky, K. M., & Reto, C. S. (1995). Adult attachment style, reported childhood violence history and types of dissociative experiences. Dissociation: Progress in the Dissociative Disorders, 8(3), 142-154.
  • Cohn, D. A. (1990). Child-mother attachment of six-year-olds and social competence at school. Child Development, 61, 152-162.
  • Cox, J. & Holden, J. (2003). The origins and development of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. In, Perinatal Mental Health: a guide to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. UK: Gaskell Publications.
  • Cox, J., Holden, J. & Sagovsky, R. (1987). Detection of postnatal depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 782-786.
  • Cox, J. L., Murray, D. & Chapman, G. (1993). A controlled study of the onset, duration and prevalence of postnatal depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 27-31.
  • Crittenden, P. M. (1985). Maltreated infants: Vulnerability and resilience. Journal of child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 26, 85-96.
  • Dalenberg, C. J. (1982). Violence history questionnaire: Psychometric evaluation. Institute of Child Abuse and Neglect Monograph. Denver, CO.
  • Dalenberg, C. J. (1983). Violence understanding inventory: Psychometric evaluation. Institute of Child Abuse and Neglect Monograph. Denver, CO.
  • Dalenberg, C. J. (2004). Upsetting Life Events child and adult forms: Normative and psychometric considerations. Unpublished Manuscript.
  • Dalenberg, C. J., Coe, M. T., Reto, C. S., Aransky, K., Duvenage, C., & Weber, R. (1994). The development of a measure of dissociation for use on general psychiatric and nonpsychiatric populations. Paper presented at the eighth annual American Professional Society of the Abuse of Children, San Diego, California.
  • Dawson, G., Grofer Klinger, L., Panagiotides, H., Spieker, S., & Frey, K. (1992). Infants of mothers with depressive symptoms: Electroencephalographic and behavioral findings related to attachment status. Development and Psychopathology, 4, 67-80.
  • DeKlyen, O. M. (1992). Childhood psychopathology and intergenerational relations in the representation of attachment: A comparison of normal and clinic-referred disruptive preschoolers and their mothers. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle.
  • DeKlyen, M., Endriga, M., Speltz, M. & Greenberg, M. (1992). Representations of caregiving relationships in mothers of behavior problem and normal preschool boys. Paper presented at the International Conference of Infant Studies, Miami, FL.
  • DeMoulder, E. K., & Radke-Yarow, M. (1991). Attachment with affectively ill and well mothers: Concurrent behavioral correlates. Developmental Psychopathology, 3, 227-242.
  • De Wolff, M. S., & van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (1997). Sensitivity and attachment: A meta- analysis on parental antecedents of infant attachment. Child Development, 68(4), 571-591. Retrieved November 23, 2004 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Dozois, D. J. A. (2003). The psychometric characteristics of the Hamilton depression inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 80(1), 31-40. Retrieved June 12, 2004, from Academic Search Premier database.
  • Easterbrooks, M. A., Biesecker, G., & Lyons-Ruth, K. (2000). Infancy predictors of emotional availability in middle childhood: the roles of attachment security and maternal depressive symptomatology. Attachment and Human Development, 2, (2), 170-187. Retrieved December 3, 2003, from Academic Search Premier database.
  • Ekman, P. (1992). Are there basic emotions? Psychological Review, 99(3), 550-553. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from PsycARTICLES databases.
  • Ekman, P. (1993). Facial expression and emotion. American Psychologist, 48(4), 384- 392.
  • Ekman, P. (1999a). Basic emotions. In T. Dalgleish, & M. Power (Eds.), Handbook of cognition and emotion. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Ekman, P. (1999b). Facial expressions. In T. Dalgleish, & M. Power (Eds.), Handbook of cognition and emotion. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Ekman, P., Davidson, R., & Friesen, W. (1990). The Duchenne smile: Emotional expression and brain physiology II. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58(2), 342-353. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from PsycARTICLEs databases.
  • Ekman, P., Friesen, W. V., & O'Sullivan, M. (1988). Smiles when lying. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 414-420. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from PsychARTICLES database.
  • Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V. & Hager, J.C. (2002). Facial Action Coding System: Investigator’s guide. Research Nexus, Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Ekman, P., Irwin, W., & Rosenberg, E. (1994). EMFACS-8: Emotion Facial Action Coding System -8. Retrieved on October 19th 2004 directly from Dr. Paul Ekman and Dr. Joseph Hager.
  • Fish, M., & Fish, S. E. (1998). Temperament, attachment, and heart rate variability: Comparisons of secure, avoidant, and disorganized infants. Poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Infant Studies, Atlanta, GA.
  • Fish, M., & Stifter, C. A. (1995). Patterns of mother infant interaction and attachment: A cluster-analytic approach. Infant Behavior and Development, 18, 435-446.
  • Fonagy, P., Steele, H. & Steele, M. (1991). Maternal representations of attachment during pregnancy predict the organization of infant-mother attachment at one year of age. Child Development, 62, 891-905.
  • Fonagy, P. (1998). Prevention, the appropriate target of infant psychotherapy. Infant Mental Health Journal, 19(2), 124-150. Retrieved on March 26, 2005 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Fonagy, P. (2003). The development of psychopathology from infancy to adulthood: the mysterious unfolding o disturbance in time. Infant Mental Health Journal, 24(3), 212-2339. Retrieved March 25, 2005 from EBSCO Research Databases.
  • Fraley, R. C. (2002). Attachment stability from infancy to adulthood: Meta-analysis and dynamic modeling of developmental mechanisms. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6(2), 123-151. Retrieved June 06, 2004, from PsychINFO database.
  • Frank, M.G., & Ekman, P. (1997). The ability to detect deceit generalizes across different types of high-stake lies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(6), 1429-1439. Retrieved May 30, 2003, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Frankel, K. K., & Harmon, R. J. (1996). Depressed mothers: They don’t always look as bad as they feel. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 289-298.
  • Freyd, J. J. (1996). Betrayal Trauma: The logic of forgetting childhood trauma. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  • George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1996). Adult attachment Interview. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley (third edition).
  • George, C., & Solomon, J. (1999). Attachment and Caregiving: The caregiving behavioral system. In, Cassidy, Jude; Shaver, Phillip R. (Eds.). Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
  • Gloger-Tippelt G, Gomille B, Koenig L, & Vetter J. (2002). Attachment representations in 6-year-olds: related longitudinally to the quality of attachment in infancy and mothers' attachment representations. Attachment & Human Development, 4(3), 318-339.
  • Goldberg, S., Benoit, D., Blokland, K., Madigan, S. (2003). Atypical maternal behavior, maternal representations, and infant disorganized attachment. Development and Psychopathology, 15(2), 239-257.
  • Goldberg, S., Gotowiec, A., & Simmons, R. J. (1995). Infant-mother attachment and behavior problems in healthy and chronically ill preschoolers. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 267-282.
  • Griffin, M.E. (1997). Understanding mothers’ contribution to disorganized attachment: A behavioral analysis of mother-child interaction in a naturalistic setting. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Northwestern University.
  • Gunnar, M. R. (1998). Quality of early care and buffering of neuroendocrine stress reactions: Potential effects on the developing human brain. Preventive medicine, 27, 208-211.
  • Gunnar, M. R., & Larson, M. C. (1992). The stressfulness of separation among nine- month-old infants. Effects of social context variables and infant temperament. Child-Development, 63(2), 290-303.
  • Harrison, L. J., & Ungerer, J. A. (1996). Maternal employment, infant child care and security of attachment at age 12 months. Paper presented at the XXVI International Congress of Psychology, Montreal, Canada.
  • Harrison, L. J., & Ungerer, J. A. (2002). Maternal employment and infant-mother attachment security at 12 months postpartum. Developmental Psychology, 38, 758-773. Retrieved November 21, 2003, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Hazan, C., & Shaver, P.R. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511-524.
  • Heitzman, C.A. and Kaplan, R. M. (1998). Assessment of methods for measuring social support. Health Psychology, 1(1), 75-109.
  • Heller, S. S., & Zeanah, C. H. (1996). Attachment disturbances in infants born subsequently to perinatal loss. Unpublished manuscript, Louisiana State University.
  • Henry, J. P., & Wang, S. (1998). Effects of early stress on adult affiliative behavior. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23(8), 863-875.
  • Herman, J. L. (1992) Trauma and recovery: The aftermath of violence - from domestic abuse to political terror. New York, New York: Basic Books: A member of the Perseus Books Group.
  • Hertsgaard, L., Gunnar, M., Erickson, M. F. & Nachmias, M. (1995). Adrenocortical responses to the Strange Situation in infants with disorganized/disoriented attachment relationships. Child Development, 66, 1100-1106.
  • Hesse, E. & Main, M. (1999). Second-generation effects of unresolved trauma in nonmaltreating parents: Dissociated, frightened, and threatening parental behavior. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 19(4), 481-540.
  • Hesse, E. and Main, M. (2000). Disorganized infant, child, and adult attachment: Collapse in behavioral and attentional strategies. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 48 (4), 1097-1128.
  • Hesse, E. & van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (1998). Parental loss of close family members and propensities towards absorption in offspring. Developmental Science, 1(2), 299- 305. Retrieved December 3, 2003, from EBSCO Host Research database.
  • Hoge, C. W., Castro, C. A., Messer, S. C., McGurk, D., Cotting, D. I. &. Koffman, R. L. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care. New England Journal of Medicine, 351,13-22.
  • Howes, C., & Hamilton, C. E. (1992). Children’s relationships with child care teachers stability and concordance with parental attachments. Child Development, 63, 867-878.
  • Hubbs-Tait, L., Hughes, K. P., Culp, A. M., Osofsky, J. D., Hahn, D. M., Eberhartwright, A., & Ware, L. M. (1996). Children of adolescent mothers: Attachment representation, maternal depression, and later behavior problems. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 66, 416-426.
  • Huth-Bocks, A. C., Levendosky, A. A., Bogat, G. A., von Eye, A. (2004). The impact of maternal characteristics and contextual variables on infant-mother attachment. Child Development, 75(2), 480-496. Retrieved April 26, 2005, from EBSCOhost electronic journal service database.
  • Jacobvitz D., Hazen, N., & Riggs, S. (1997). Disorganized mental processes in mothers, frightening/frightened caregiving and disoriented/disorganized behavior in infancy. As cited in van Ijzendoorn, Schuengel, and Bakermans-Kranenburg (1999), Presented at the Symposium conducted at the biennial meeting of the society for Research in Child Development, Washington, DC.
  • Jacobsen, S. W., & Frye, K. F. (1991). Effect of Maternal Social Support on Attachment: Experimental Evidence. Child Development, 2, 572-582. Retrieved April 26, 2005, from EBSCO Host Electronic Journal Service database.
  • Jacobsen, T., Hibbs, E. & Ziegenhain, U. (2000). Maternal expressed emotion related to attachment disorganization in early childhood: A preliminary report. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 4(7), 899-906. Retrieved December 3, 2003, from EBSCO Host Electronic Journal Service database.
  • Jacobsen, T., Huss, M., Frendrich, M., Kruesi, M. P., & Ziegenhain, U. (1997). Children’s ability to delay gratification: Longitudinal relations to mother-child attachment. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 158, 411-426.
  • Jang, K. L, Paris, J, Zweig-Frank, H., & Livesley, W. J. (1998). Twin study of dissociative experience. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 186(6), 345-351.
  • Jensen, P. S., Grogan, D., Xenakis, S. N., & Bain, M. W. (1989). Father absence: effects on child and maternal psychopathology. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28, 171-175.
  • Jensen, P. S., Martin, D., & Watanabe, H. (1996). Children’s response to parental separation during Operation Desert Storm. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 433-441.
  • Kochanska, G. (2001). Emotional Development in children with different attachment histories: the first three years. Child Development, 72(2), 474-490.
  • Kolar, A. B., Vondra, J. I., Friday, P. W. & Valley, C. (1993). Intergenerational concordance of attachment in a low-income sample. Poster session presented at the 60th Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, New Orleans, LA.
  • Koos, O., & Gergely, G. (2001). A contingency-based approach to the etiology of disorganized attachment: the flickering switch hypothesis. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 65(3), 397-410.
  • Lakatos, K. Toth, I., Nemoda, Z., Ney, K., Sasvari-Szelsky, M., & Gervai, J. (2000). Dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene polymorphism is associated with attachment disorganization in infants. Molecular Psychiatry, 5, 633-637.
  • Lederberg, A. R., & Mobley, C. E. (1990). The effect of hearing impairment on quality of attachment and mother-toddler interaction. Child Development, 61, 1596-1604.
  • Liotti, G. (1992). Disorganized/disoriented attachment in the etiology of the dissociative disorders. Dissociation: Progress in the Dissociative Disorders, 5(4), 196-204.
  • Liotti, G. (1999a). Disorganization of attachment as a model for understanding dissociative psychopathology (pp. 291-317). In, J. Solomon, & C. George (Eds.) Attachment disorganization. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press
  • Liotti, G. (1999b). Understanding the dissociative processes: The contribution of attachment theory. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 19(5), 757-783.
  • Longest, M.Q. (2003). Non-reactive, homeostatic, and positive resiliency: Relationships and predictors. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Alliant International University.
  • Loos, M.E. (1998). Dissociation and the processing of threatening information: An attachment-theoretical perspective on maintenance factors in dissociative pathology. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.
  • Lyons-Ruth, K. Alpern, L., Repacholi, B. (1993). Disorganized infant attachment classification and maternal psychosocial problems as predictors of hostile-aggressive behavior in the preschool classroom. Child Development, 64, 572-585.
  • Lyons-Ruth, K, & Block, D. (1996). The disturbed caregiving system: Relations among childhood trauma, maternal caregiving, and infant affect and attachment. Infant mental health journal, 17(3), 257-275. Special Issue: Defining the caregiving system.
  • Lyons-Ruth, K., Bronfman, E. & Parsons, E. (1999). Chapter IV. Maternal frightened, frightening, or atypical behavior and disorganized infant attachment patterns. In J. Vondra and D. Barnett (Eds.), Atypical attachment in infancy and early childhood. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 64(3), 67-96. Retrieved December 3, 2003, from EBSCOhost electronic journal service database.
  • Lyons-Ruth, K., Connel, D. B., Grunebaum, H. U., & Botein, S. (1990). Infants at social risk: Maternal depression and family support services as mediators of infant development and security of attachment. Child Development, 61, 85-98.
  • Lyons-Ruth, K., Easterbrooks, M. A., & Cibelli, C. D. (1997). Infant attachment strategies, infant mental lag, and maternal depressive symptoms, predictors of internalizing and externalizing problems at age 7. Developmental Psychology, 33(4), 681-692. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Lyons-Ruth, K.& Jacobvitz, D. (1999). Attachment disorganization: Unresolved loss, relational violence, and lapses in behavioral and attentional strategies with suggestions for future studies. In, J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.). Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
  • Lyons-Ruth, K., Repacholi, B., McLeod, S., & Silva, E. (1991). Disorganized attachment behavior in infancy: Short-term stability, maternal and infant correlates, and risk-related subtypes. Development and Psychopathology, 3, 377-396.
  • Maher, M., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. (1975). The psychological birth of the human infant. New York: Basic Books.
  • Main, M. (1981). Avoidance in the service of attachment. In K. Immelmann, G. Barlow, L. Petrinovitch & M. Main (Eds.), Behavioral development: The Bielefeld interdisciplinary project (pp. 651-693). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Main, M. (1995). Recent studies in attachment: Overview, with selected implications for clinical work. In S. Goldberg, & R. Muir (Eds.), Attachment theory: Social, developmental, and clinical perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press, (pp. 407-474). vMain, M. (1996). Introduction to the special section on attachment and psychopathology: 2. Overview of the field of attachment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(2), 237-243. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Main, M., & Cassidy, J. (1988). Categories of response to reunion with the parent at age 6: Predictable attachment classifications and stable over a 1-month period. Developmental Psychology, 24(3), 415-426. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Main, M. & Hesse, E. (1990). Parents’ unresolved traumatic experiences are related to infant disorganized attachment status: Is frightened and/or frightening parental behavior the linking mechanism? In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.) Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research and intervention. Chicago, IL, US: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 50(1–2, Serial No. 209).
  • Main, M. & Morgan, H. (1996). Disorganization and disorientation in infant Strange Situation behavior: Phenotypic resemblance to dissociative states. In, L. K. Michelson & W. J. Ray (Eds.), Handbook of Dissociation: Theoretical, Empirical, and Clinical Perspectives, New York: Plenum Press.
  • Main, M. & Solomon, J. (1986). Discovery of a new, insecure-disorganized/disoriented attachment pattern. In T. B. Brazelton & M. W. Yogman (Eds.), Affective development in infancy (pp. 95-124). Norwood, NJ: ablex.
  • Main, M. & Solomon, J. (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.) Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research and intervention. Chicago, IL, US: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Milentijevic, I., Altman, S., & Ward, M. J. (1995). Adolescent mothers and their children: Stability of attachment organization from 1 to 3.5 years. Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Indianapolis, IN.
  • Moss, E.,Rousseau, D., Parent, S., St-Laurent, D., & Saintonge, J. (1998). Correlates of attachment at school-age: Maternal reported stress, mother-child interaction and behavior problems. Child Development, 69, 1390-1405.
  • Moss, E., St-Laurent, D., & Parent, S. (1999). Disorganized attachment and developmental risk at school age. In, J. Solomon, & C. George (Eds.) Attachment Disorganization. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
  • Muenzenmair, K., Castille, D. M., Jamison, A., Battaglia, J., Opler, L. A., & Alexander, M. J. (2005). Comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia. Psychiatric Annals, 35(1), 51-56. Retrieved March 25th, 2005 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Murray, L. (1992). The impact of postnatal depression on infant development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 33, 543-531.
  • Nachmias, M., Gunnar, M., Mangelsdorf, S., Parritz, R., Buss, K. (1996). Behavioral inhibition and stress reactivity: Moderating role of attachment security. Child Development, 67, 508-22.
  • Newman, E., Willard, T., Sinclair, R., Kaloupek, D. (2001). Empirically supported ethical research practice: The costs and benefits of research from the participants’ view. Accountability in Research, 8, 309-329. vNICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (1997). The effects of infant child care on infant-mother attachment security: Results of the NICHD study of early child care. Child Development, 68, 860-879.
  • Nice, S. D. (1983). The course of depressive affect in navy wives during family separation. Military Medicine, 148, 341-343.
  • Ogawa, J. R., Sroufe, L. A. Weinfield, N. S., Carlson, E. A., & Egeland, B. (1997). Development and the fragmented self: Longitudinal study of dissociative symptomatology in a nonclinical sample. Development & Psychopathology, 9(4), 855-879.
  • Owen, M. T., & Cox, M. J. (1997). Marital conflict and the development of infant parent attachment relationships. Journal of Family Psychology, 11(2),152-164 Retrieved January 24, 2002, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Palesh, O. G. (2001). Dissociation and delayed recall of traumatic memories in a Russian undergraduate population. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Alliant International University.
  • Paulhus, D. L. (1998). Paulhus Deception Scales (PDS): The balanced inventory of desirable responding-7. User’s manual. Toronto, Ontario: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.
  • Pederson, D. R., Gleason, K. E., Moran, G., & Bento, S. (1996). Maternal attachment representations, maternal sensitivity, and infant-mother attachment. Unpublished manuscript, University of Toronto.
  • Pipp-Siegel, S., Easterbrooks, M. A., Brown, S. R., & Harmon, R. J. (1995). The relation between infants self mother knowledge and 3 attachment categories. Infant Mental Health Journal, 16, 221-232.
  • Pipp-Siegel, S., Siegel, C.H., & Dean , J (1999 ). II. Neurological aspects of the disorganized/disoriented attachment classification system: differentiating quality of attachment relationship from neurological impairment. In J. Vondra, & D. Barnett, (Eds.), Atypical attachment in infancy and early childhood among children at developmental risk, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development (Serial No. 258, 64(3), pp. 25-44 Malden, MA : Blackwell Publishers.
  • Putnam, F. W. (1985). Dissociation as a response to extreme trauma. In R. Kluft (Ed.) Childhood antecedents of multiple personality. Washington D.C. American Psychiatric Press.
  • Putnam, F. (1993a). Dissociative disorders in children: behavioral profiles and problems. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17, 39-45.
  • Putnam, F.W. (1993b). Dissociative phenomena. In, D. Spiegel (Ed.) Dissociative disorders: a clinical review. Lutherville, MD, US: The Sidran Press.
  • Putnam, F. W., Helmers, K., & Trickett, P. K. (1993). Development, reliability, and validity of a child dissociation scale. Child abuse and Neglect, 17, 731-741.
  • Radojevic, M. (1992). Predicting quality of infant attachment to father at 15 months from pre-natal paternal representations of attachment: An Australian contribution. Paper presented at the 25th International Congress of Psychology, Brussels.
  • Rauh, H., Ziegenhain, U., Mueller, B., & Wijnroks, L. (2000). Stability and Change in infant- mother attachment in the second year of life: Relations to parenting quality and varying degrees of day-care experience. In P. M. Crittenden, & A. H. Claussen (Eds). Organization of attachment relationships: Maturation, culture, and context. New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press, 251-276.
  • Reagor, P. A., Kasten, J. D., Morelli, N. (1992). A checklist for screening dissociative disorders in Children and Adolescents. Dissociation, 5(1), 4-19.
  • Reider, C., & Cicchetti, D. (1989). Organizational perspective on cognitive control functioning and cognitive-affective balance in maltreated children. Developmental Psychology, 25(3), 382-393. Retrieved March 26, 2005 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Reto, C. S., Dalenberg, C. J., Coe, M. T. (1993). Dissociation and physical abuse as predictors of bulimic symptomatology and impulse dysregulation. Eating Disorders, 1(3&4), 226-239.
  • Robbins, L. (2009). Disorganized Attachment in a Military Sample: Contributions From Maternal Trauma History, Expressed Sadness and Narrative Errors. PowerPoint.
  • Robbins, L. S. (2010). Disorganized attachment: Elevations in a war-deployed military sample. Unpublished manuscript.
  • Robbins, L. (2011). Criteria for the Diagnosis of Reactive Attachment Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood. Unpublished manuscript.
  • Roh, J. (2004, September 27). Pentagon Plan to Pull Troops Laced With Uncertainty. Fox News. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,133599,00.html
  • Rosenstein, D. S., & Horowitz, H. A. (1996). Adolescent attachment and pathology. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(2), 244-253.
  • Rude, S. S., Gortner, E., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2004). Language use of depressed and and depression-vulnerable college students. Cognition and Emotion, 18(8), 1121-1133. Retrieved March 26, 2005 from EBSCOhost Research Databases.
  • Schneider-Rosen, K. (1990). The developmental reorganization of attachment relationships: Guidelines for classification beyond infancy. In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & M. Cummings (Eds.) Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research and intervention. Chicago, IL, USA: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Schoelmerich, A., Lamb, M. E., Leydendecker, B., & Fracasso, M. P. (1997). Mother- infant teaching interactions and attachment security in Euro-American and Central American immigrant families. Infant Behavior & Development, 20, 165-174.
  • Schore, A. N. (2001a). The effects of a secure attachment relationship on right brain development, affect regulation, and infant mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22, 7-66.
  • Schore, A. N. (2001b). The effects of early relational trauma on right brain development, affect regulation, and infant mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22(1-2) 201-269.
  • Schore, A. N. (2002). Dysregulation of the right brain: A fundamental mechanism of traumatic attachment and the psychogenesis of posttraumatic stress disorder. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36, 9-30.
  • Schuengel, C., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J. & van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (1999a). Frightening maternal behavior linking unresolved loss and disorganized infant attachment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67(1), 54-63. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Schuengel, C., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., van Ijzendoorn, M. H. & Blom, M. (1999b). Unresolved loss and infant disorganization: Links to frightening maternal behavior. In, J. Solomon, & C. George (Eds.) Attachment Disorganization. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
  • Schuengel, C., Van Ijzendoorn, M. H. & Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J. (1998). Frightening maternal behavior, unresolved loss and disorganized infant attachment: A pilot-study. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 16(4), 277-283. Retrieved November 24, 2002, from ProQuest Direct database.
  • Seifer, R., Sameroff, A. J., Dickenstein, S., Keitner, G., Miller, I., Rasmussen, S., & Hayden, L. C. (1996). Parental psychopathology, multiple contextual risks, one-year outcomes in children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 423-435.
  • Shaw, D. S., Owens, E. B., Vondra, J. I., Keenan, K., Winslow, E. B. (1996). Early risk factors and pathways in the development of early disruptive behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 8(4), 679-699.
  • Siegel, D. J. (1999). Attachment: The attachment system. In, The developing mind: toward a neurobiology of interpersonal experience. New York: The Guilford Press, pp 67-120.
  • Siegel, D. J. (2000). The developing mind and the resolution of trauma: Some ideas about information processing and interpersonal neurobiology of psychotherapy. In, F. Shapiro (Ed.), Paradigm Prism, APA press.
  • Siegel, D. (2001). Toward an interpersonal neurobiology of the developing mind: Attachment relationships, “mindsight,” and neural integration. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22(1-2), 67-94.
  • Solomon, J., & George, C. (1999a). The place of disorganization in attachment theory: Linking classic observations with contemporary findings. In, J. Solomon, & C. George (Eds.) Attachment Disorganization. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
  • Solomon, J., & George, C. (1999b). The measurement of attachment security in infancy and childhood. In, J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.). Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
  • Spangler, G., Fremmer-Bombik, E., & Grossmann, K. (1996). Social and individual determinants of infant attachment security and disorganization. Infant Mental Health Journal, 17, 127-139.
  • Spangler G., & Grossmann, K. E. (1993). Biobehavioral organization in securely and insecurely attached infants. Child Development, 64(5), 1439-1450.
  • Spangler, G., & Grossmann, K. (1999). Individual and physiological correlates of attachment in infancy. In, J. Solomon, & C. George (Eds.) Attachment Disorganization. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
  • Speltz, M. L., Endriga, M. C., Fisher, P. A., & Mason, C. A. (1997). Early predictors of attachment in infants with cleft lip and/or palate. Child Development, 68, 12-25.
  • Spiegel, D. (1993). Dissociation and trauma. In, D. Spiegel (Ed.) Dissociative disorders: a clinical review. Lutherville, MD, US: The Sidran Press.
  • Spiegel, D., Li, D. (1997). Dissociative cognition and disintegrated experience. In D. J. Stein (Ed.) Cognitive Science and Unconscious. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, pp 177-187.
  • Sprinkle, S. D., Lurie, D., Insko, S. L., Atkinson, G., Jones, G. L., Logan, A. R., Bissada, N. N. (2002). Criterion validity, severity cut scores, and test-retest reliability of the Beck Depression Inventory—II in a university counseling center sample. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49(3), 381-385. Retrieved June 12, 2004, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Steele, H., Steele, M., & Fonagy, P. (1996). Attachment in the sixth year of life. Paper presented at the meetings of the International Congress of Psychology, Montreal, Canada.
  • Steele, M., Steele, H. & Fonagy, P. (1996b). Associations among attachment classifications of mothers, fathers, and their infants: Evidence for a relationship- specific perspective. Child Development, 67, 541-555.
  • Stirman, S. W. & Pennebaker, J. W. (2001). Word use in the poetry of suicidal and nonsuicidal poets. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(4), 517-522.
  • Tabachnick, B. G. & Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using multivariate statistics, third ed. New York: Harper Collins College Publishers.
  • Teti, D. M. (1999). Conceptualizations of disorganization in the preschool years: An integration. In, J. Solomon, & C. George (Eds.) Attachment Disorganization. New York: The Guilford Press.
  • Teti, D. Gelfand, D., Messinger, D., & Isabella, R. (1995). Maternal depression and the quality of early attachment: An examination of infants, preschoolers, and their mothers. Developmental Psychology, 31(3), 364-376. Retrieved January 13, 2003, from EBSCOhost Research Database.
  • van Ijzendoorn, M. H. (1995). Adult attachment representations, parental responsiveness, and infant attachment: A meta-analysis on the predictive validity of the adult attachment interview. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 387-403. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • van Ijzendoorn, M. H.; Schuengel, C.; & Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J. (1999). Disorganized attachment in early childhood: Meta-analysis of precursors, concomitants, and sequelae. Development & Psychopathology, 11(2), 225-249.
  • Vondra, J. I., Hommerding, K. D., & Shaw, D. S. (1997). Stability and change in infant attachment in a low-income sample. Unpublished manuscript, Pittsburgh University.
  • Waisman, P. (2005). Emotional Expression of Spanish-English Coordinate bilinguals. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Alliant International University, San Diego
  • Waller, N. G., Putnam, F. W., & Carlson, E. B. (1996). Types of Dissociation and Dissociative Types: A Taxometric Analysis of Dissociative Experiences, Psychological methods, 1(3), 300-321. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Waller, N. G., Ross, C. A. (1997). The Prevalence and Biometric Structure of Pathological Dissociation in the General Population: Taxometric and Behavior Genetic Findings. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106(4), 499-510. Retrieved September 14, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.
  • Ward, M. J. & Carlson, E. A. (1995). Associations among adult attachment representations, maternal sensitivity, and infant-mother attachment in a sample of adolescent mothers. Child Development, 66, 69-79.
  • Ward, M. J., Kessler, D. B., & Altman, S. C. (1993). Infant-mother attachment in children with failure to thrive. Infant Mental Health Journal, 14, 208-220.
  • Wartner, U.G., Grossman, K., Fremmer-Bombik, E., & Suess, G. (1994). Attachment patterns at age six in South Germany: Predictability from infancy and implications for preschool behavior. Child Development, 65, 1014-1027.
  • Waters, E. Merrick, S., Treboux, D., Crowell, J., & Albersheim, L. (2000). Attachment security in early adulthood: A twenty-year longitudinal study. Child Development, 71(3), 684-689.
  • Westfeldt, A. (2003, March 5). More U.S. Troops Head to Persian Gulf. Associated Press. Retrieved from http://www.worldnewsbulletin.com/3.5.2003.php#1
  • World Health Organization (WHO). (2001, December). Fact sheet N° 265: Mental and neurological disorders. Retrieved June 9, 2004 from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs265/en/.
  • Zeanah CH, Benoit D, Barton M, Regan C, Hirshberg LM, & Lipsitt LP. (1993). Representations of attachment in mothers and their one-year-old infants. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 32(2), 278-286.

Top of Page

Pageside
Pageside

 

 

Instructions for requesting accommodations for disabilities

Refund and Course Exchange Policies


Share This:

Follow Us On:     TwitterFacebookLinkedInGoogle Plus

Click here to receive clinical updates by e-mail.

Online Courses  -  Zur Institute on YouTubeYouTube
Live Workshops  -  Forensic & Expert Witness Services - Consultations for Therapists
Private Practice Handbook  -  HIPAA Compliance Kit  -  Clinical Forms  -  CE Info  -  Discussions
Online Catalog -  Free Articles  - Boundaries & Dual Relationships  - General Public Resources  - Seminars For General Public
Organizational Discounts  -  About Us  -  FAQ  - Privacy, Disclaimer, Terms of Use, DMCA  -  ADA Policy & Grievance - CV
Home -  Contact Us  -  Site Map


ZUR INSTITUTE, Inc.
Ofer Zur, Ph.D., Director

321 S. Main St. #29, Sebastopol, CA 95472
Phone: 707-935-0655, Fax: 707-736-7045, Email: info@zurinstitute.com

© 1997-2016 Zur Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Privacy Statement, Disclaimer & Terms of Use.
Site design/maintenance by R&D Web

Pageside