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Burnout in Psychotherapy & Counseling

Ofer Zur, Ph.D.

Online resources on Burnout


Acker, G.M. (1999). The impact of clients' mental illness on social workers' job satisfaction and burnout. Health and Social Work, 24(2), 112-119.

Ackerley, G. K., Burnell, J., Holder, D. C., & Kurdek, L. A. (1988). Burnout among licensed psychologists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 19(6), 624-631.

Adams, R. B., Boscarino, J. A., & Figley, C. R. (2006). Compassion fatigue and psychological distress among social workers: A validation study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(1), 103-108.

Adler, G. (1972). Helplessness in the Helpers. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 45, 315-326.

Alexander, D. A., & Klein, S. (2001). Ambulance personnel and critical incidents: Impact of accident and emergency work on mental health and emotional well-being. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, 76-81.

Anderson, D. G. (2000). Coping strategies and burnout among veteran child protection workers. Child Abuse and Neglect, 24, 839-848.

Andersen, H. S., Christensen, A. K., & Petersen, G. O. (1991). Post-traumatic stress reactions amongst rescue workers after a major rail accident. Anxiety Research, 4 (3), 245-251.

Arches, J. (1991). Social structure, burnout, and job satisfaction. Social Work, 36, 193-272.

Baab, L. M. (1995, Spring). Burnout: Spiritual carpal tunnel. Bulletin of Psychological Type, 18(2), 14, 16.

Baab, L. M. (Speaker). (2001, June). Type and burnout: Connecting the research with real life. Presented at APT-XIV, the Fourteenth Biennial International Conference of the Association for Psychological Type, Minneapolis, MN. (Cassette Recording No. APT1-204). Seattle, WA: Audio Visual Education Network (1-800-810-8273).

Badger, J. M. (2001). Understanding secondary traumatic stress. American Journal of Nursing, 101, (7), 26-33.

Baker, E. K. (2003). Caring for ourselves: A therapist's guide to personal and professional well-being. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Baran, R. B. (2005, May-June). Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, burnout, and satisfaction in Illinois dentists. General Dentistry, 53(3), 228-235.

Barnett, J.E. & Hillard, D. (2001). Psychologist distress and impairment: Availability, nature, and use of colleague assistance programs for psychologists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32(2), 205-210.

Bermak, G. E. (1977). Do Psychiatrists Have Special Emotional Problems? American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 37, 141-146.

Bodden, J. L. (1985). Review of Maslach Burnout Inventory. In J. V. Mitchell, Jr. (Ed.), Ninth Mental Measurements Yearbook: Vol. 1. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Boscarino, J. A., Figley, C. R., & Adams, R. E. (2004). Compassion fatigue following the September 11 terrorist attacks: A study of secondary trauma among New York City social workers. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 6(2), 57-66.

Boucher, H. C., & Maslach, C. (2009). Culture and individuation: The role of norms and self-construals. Journal of Social Psychology, 149, 677-693.

Brende, J. O. (1991). When post traumatic stress rubs off. Voices, 27, (1-2), 139-143.

Bride, B. E. & Figley, C. R. (2007). The fatigue of compassionate social workers: An introduction to the special issue on compassion fatigue. Clinical Social Work, 35, 151-153.

Bride, B. E., Radey, M., & Figley, C. R. (2007). Measuring compassion fatigue. Clinical Social Work, 35, 155-163.

Bugental, J. F. T. (1964). The person who is the psychotherapist. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 28, 272-277.

Burton, A. (1975). Therapist satisfaction. The American Journal of psychoanalysis, 35, 115-122.

Burton, A., et. al. (Eds.). (1972). Twelve therapists: How they live and actualize themselves. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Callison, L. M. (1995). Burnout, personality, and the school administrator (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, 1993). Dissertation Abstracts International, 56(03), 770A. (University Microfilms: Not available from UMI)

Campbell J, Prochazka AV, Yamashita T and Gopal R. (2012). Predictors of persistent burnout in internal medicine residents: A prospective cohort study. Acad Med, 85/10, 1630-4.

Cash, D. (1997). Levels of occupational burnout, personality type, and coping processes: A comparison of intensive-care and nonintensive-care registered nurses in primary-care hospital settings (Doctoral dissertation, University of San Francisco, 1996). Dissertation Abstracts International, 57(11), 7257B. (University Microfilms No. AAG97-13809)

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. (2008). Understanding and minimizing staff burnout. Los Angeles, CA: Author.

Cherniss, C. (1980). Staff burnout: Job stress in the human services. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Cherniss, C. (1980). Professional burnout in human service organizations. New York: Praeger.

Cherniss, C., & Dantzig, S. (1986). Preventing and managing job-related stress. In Kilburg, R. R., Nathan, P. E. & Thoreson, R. W. (Eds.). Professionals in distress: Issues, syndromes, and solutions in psychology. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Cherniss, C., & Egnatios, E. (1978). Is there job satisfaction in community mental health. Community Mental Health Journal, 14(4), 309- 318.

Chessick, R. D. (1978). The sad soul of the psychiatrist. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 42, 1-9.

Cohen, D. (1992). Occupational hazards of the rural psychotherapist. Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 10(3), 13-36.

Corcoran, K. J. (1986). Measuring burnout: A reliability and convergent validity study. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 1(1), 107-112.

Cordes, C.L., & Dougherty, T.W. (1993). A Review and an integration of research on job burnout. Academy of Management Review, 18, 621-56.

Cornille, T. A. & Meyers, T. W. (1999). Secondary traumatic stress among child protective service workers: Prevalence, severity and predictive factors. Traumatology, 5(1), 15-31.

Couper, D. (2000). The impact of the sexually abused child's pain on the worker and the team. Journal of Social Work Practice, 14(1), 9-16.

Cox, T., Kuk, G., & Leiter, M. P. (1993). Burnout, health, workstress, and organizational healthiness. In Schaufeli, W. B., Maslach, C. & Marek, T. (Eds.). Professional burnout: Recent developments in theory and research (pp. 177-193). Washington D.C.: Taylor & Francis.

Cray, C., & Cray, M. (1977). Stress and rewards within the psychiatrist's family. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 37, 337-341.

Cushway, D., & Tyler, P. (1994). Stress and coping in clinical psychologists. Stress Medicine, 10, 35-42.

Daley, M. R. (1979). Burnout: Smoldering problems in protective services. Social Work, 24, 375-379.

Dane, B. (2000). Child welfare workers: An innovative approach for interacting with secondary trauma. Journal of Social Work Education, 36(1), 27-38.

Danielli, Y. (1996). Who takes care of the caretakers: The emotional consequences of working with children traumatized by war and communal violence. In Apfel, R. J., & Simon, B. (Eds.). Minefields in their hearts. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 189-205.

Davis-Johnson, L. B. (1991). The effects of psychological type on stress coping resources and professional burnout (Doctoral dissertation, Georgia State University, 1991). Dissertation Abstracts International, 52(03), 1765B. (University Microfilms No. AAC91-22825)

DeAngelis, T. (2002, July/August) Normalizing practitioners' stress. Monitor on Psychology, 33(7), 62-64.

Deighton, R. M., Gurris, N., & Traue, H. (2007). Factors affecting burnout and compassion fatigue in psychotherapists treating torture'survivors: Is the therapist’s attitude to working through trauma relevant? Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1, 63-75.

Deutsch, C. J. (1984). Self-reported sources of stress among psychotherapists. Professional Psychology, 15, 833-845.

Deutsch, C. J. (1985). A survey of therapists' personal problems and treatment. Professional Psychology, 16, 305-315.

Durham, T. W., McCammon, S. L., & Allison, E J. (1986). Psychological impact of disaster on rescue personnel. Psychiatry Digest, 1986, (4), 27-29.

Dyrbye L, Massier S, Ecker A et al. (2010). Relationship between burnout and professional conduct and attitudes among US medical students. JAMA, 304/11, 1173-80.

Eckleberry-Hunt J, Lick D, Boura J et al. (2009) An exploratory study of resident burnout and wellness. Acad Med. 84/2, 269-77.

Edelwich, J., & Brodsky, A. (1980). Burnout: Stages of disillusionment in the helping professions. New York: Human Services Press.

Etzion, D., Pines, A.M. (1986), "Sex and culture in burnout and coping among human service professionals", Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, Vol. 17 pp.191-209.

Farber, B. A. (1983). Stress and burnout in the human services professions. (Ed.). New York: Pregamon Press.

Farber, B. A. (1983). The effects of psychotherapeutic practice upon psychotherapists. Psychotherapy, 20, 174-183.

Farber, B. A. (1983). Introduction: A critical perspective on burnout. In Farber, B. (Ed.). Stress and burnout in the human service professions (pp. 1-22). Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press.

Farber, B. A. (1985). Clinical psychologists' perceptions of psychotherapeutic work. The Clinical Psychologist, 38, 10-13.

Farber, B. A., & Heifetz, L. (1981). The satisfactions and stresses of psychotherapeutic work: A factor analysis study. Professional Psychology, 12, 621-630. Farber, B. A. (1991), Crisis in Education: Stress and Burnout in the American Teacher, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.

Farber, B. A., & Heifetz, L. J. (1982). The process and dimensions of burnout in psychotherapists. Professional Psychology, 13(2), 293-301.

Fawcett, J. (2000). Managing staff stress and trauma. In Janz, M. & Stead, J. (Eds.). complex humanitarian emergencies: Lessons from practitioners. (pp. 92-125) Monrovia, CA: World Vision.

Figley C. R. (2002). Compassion fatigue: Psychotherapists' chronic lack of self care. Psychotherapy in Practice. 58(11), 1433-1441.

Figley C. R. (Ed.). (1995). Compassion fatigue: Coping with secondary traumatic stress in those who treat the traumatized. New York: Brunner/Mazel, Inc.

Figley C. R. (Ed.). (2002). Treating compassion fatigue. New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Floyd, M. & Myszka, M. (1998). Licensed psychologists' knowledge and utilization of a state association colleague assistance committee. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29, (), 594-598.

Ford, E. S. C. (1963). Being and becoming a psychotherapist: The search for identity. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 17, 474-482.

Forney, D. S., Wallace-Schutzman, F., & Wiggens, T. T. (1982). Burnout among career development professionals: Preliminary findings and implications. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 61, 435-439.

Fortener, R. G. (1999). Relationship between work setting, client prognosis, suicide ideation, and burnout in psychologists and counselors. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Toledo: USA.

Freudenberger, H. J. (1974). Staff burnout. Journal of Social Issues, 30(1), 159-165.

Freudenberger, H. J. (1975). The staff burnout syndrome in alternative institutions. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 12(1), 73-82.

Freudenberger, H. J., & Kurtz, M. A. (1990). Risk and rewards of independent practice. In Margenau, E. A. (Ed.). The Encyclopedic Handbook of Private Practice. (pp 461-472). New York: Gardner Press.

Freudenberger, H. J., & Robbins, A. (1979). The hazards of being a psychoanalyst. Psychoanalytic Review, 66, 275-296.

Garden, A. M. (1985). The effect of Jungian type on burnout. (Winner, 1985, Isabel Briggs Myers Memorial Research Award.) Journal of Psychological Type, 10, 3-10.

Garden, A.M. (1987), "Depersonalization: a valid dimension of burnout?", Human Relations, Vol. 40 pp.545-60.

Garden, A. M. (1988). Jungian type, occupation and burnout: An elaboration of an earlier study. Journal of Psychological Type, 14, 2-14.

Garden, A. M. (1989, September). Burnout: The effect of psychological type on research findings. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 62(3), 223-234.

Garden, A. M. (1990, September). The purpose of burnout: A Jungian interpretation. British Region: Association for Psychological Type (BAPT) Newsletter, 1(6), 1-2.

Gentry, J. E., Baranowsky, A. B., & Dunning, K. (1999). ARP: The Accelerated Recovery Program for compassion fatigue. In C. R. Figley (Ed.), Treating compassion fatigue (pp. 123-138). New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Ghahramanlou, M., & Brodbeck, C. (2000). Predictors of secondary trauma in sexual assault trauma counselors. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health. 2(4), 229-240.

Gillespie, D. (Ed). (1986). Burnout among social workers. Journal of Social Service Research, 10(1), 1-104.

Gilroy, P. J., Carroll, L., & Murra, J. (2002). A preliminary survey of counseling psychologists' personal experiences with depression and treatment Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 33(4), 402-407.

Ginott, H. (1971/2). How psychotherapists deal with their own children. Voices, 7(4), 39-42.

Gold, J. R. (1990). Effect of private practice on the therapist's personal life. In Margenau, E. A. (Ed.). The Encyclopedic Handbook of Private Practice. (pp 503-513). New York: Gardner Press.

Golembiewski, R. T. (1989). A note on Leiter's study: Highlighting two models of burnout. Group and Organizational Studies, 14 (1), 5-13.

Golembiewski, R. T., Scherb, K., & Boudreau, A. (1993). Burnout in cross-national settings: Generic and model-specific perspectives. In Schaufeli, W. B., Maslach, C., & Marek, T. (Eds.). Professional burnout: recent developments in theory and research (pp.217-234). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Goncalo, J. A., Polman, E., & Maslach, C. (2010). Can confidence come too soon? Collective efficacy, conflict and group performance over time. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 113, 13-24.

Goza-MacMullan, G. R. (1989). A path analysis of a job burnout model among firefighters (Doctoral dissertation, University of North Texas, 1988). Dissertation Abstracts International, 49(10), 4588B. (University Microfilms No. AAC89-00339)

Grimm, R. B. (1987). The contribution of personality type and selected individual, role/task, and organizational factors to the experience of burnout (Doctoral dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47(12), 4442A. (University Microfilms No. AAC87-06422)

Groesbeck, C. J. (1975). The archetypal image of the wounded healer. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 20, 122-145.

Groesbeck, C. J., & Taylor, B. (1977). The psychiatrist as wounded physician. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 37, 131-139.

Guy, J. D. (1987). The personal life of the therapist. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Guy, J. D., & Liaboe. G. P. (1985). The impact of conducting psychotherapy on psychotherapists' interpersonal functioning. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 17, 111-114.

Guy, J.D., & Norcross, J.C. (1998). Therapist self-care checklist. In G.P. Koocher, J.C. Norcross, & S. Hill III (Eds.), Psychologist's Desk Reference (pp. 387-392). New York: Oxford University Press.

Hagihara, A., Tarumi, K., & Miller, A. S. (1998). Social support at work as a buffer of work stress-strain relationship: A signal detection approach. Stress Medicine, 14, 75-81.

Hann, S. G. (1999). Stress, burnout, and job satisfaction among school psychologists: An investigation into the measurement, relationship and factorial validity of the constructs. Doctoral Dissertation. Indiana University of Pennsylvania: USA.

Harbaugh, G. L. (1982). Pace in learning and life: Prelude to pastoral burnout. Unpublished manuscript, Duquesne University, Association for Professional Education in Ministry, Pittsburgh, PA.

Hartsough, D., & Myers, D. (1985). Disaster work and mental health: Prevention and control of stress among workers. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS publication, (ADM) 87-1422).

Hayes, J. A., et al. (1991). Managing counter-transference: What the experts think. Psychological Reports , 69, 138-148.

Hayes, S. C., Bissett, R., & Roget, N., Padilla, M., Kohlenberg, B. S., Fisher, G., Masuda, A., Pistoreleo, J., Rye, A. K., Berry, K., & Niccolls, R. (2004). The impact of Acceptance and Commitment Training and Multicultural Training on the stigmatizing attitudes and professional burnout of substance abuse counselors. Behavior Therapy, 35(4), 821-835.

Heath, S. (1991). Dealing with the therapist's vulnerability to depression. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc.

Hellman, I. D. (1984). Effects of level of experience and personal flexibility/ rigidity on psychotherapists' experience of stress and conflict regarding psychotherapeutic work. Doctoral Dissertation, University of California: USA.

Henry, W. E. (1966). Some observations of the lives of healers. Human Development, 9, 47-56.

Henry, W. E., Sims, J. H., & Spray, S. L. (1971). The Fifth Profession: Becoming a Psychotherapist. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Henry, W. E., Sims, J. H., & Spray, S. L. (1973). Public and Private Lives of Psychotherapists. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Horwitz, M. (1998). Social worker trauma: Building resilience in child protective social workers. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 68(3), 364-377.

House, J. S. (1981). Work stress and social support. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Hughes, T. M., McNelis, M. C. & Hoggard, D. A. (1987, November). The prediction of teacher burnout through personality type, critical thinking, and self-concept. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association, Mobile, AL.

Jayaratne, S., & Chess, W. A. (1984). Job satisfaction, burnout, and turnover: A national study. Social Work, 29, 448-452.

Jenkins, S. R., & Baird, S. (2002). Secondary traumatic stress and vicarious trauma: A validation study. International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, 15 (5); 423-432.

Jensen PM, Trollope-Kumar K, Waters H and Everson J. (2008) Building physician resilience. Canadian Family Physician, 54:722-9.

Kaden, R. (1999). Therapist burnout: The contributions of role stress, patient behaviour stress, and therapist personality. Doctoral Dissertation. Setton Hall University: USA.

Kahill, S. (1988). Interventions for burnout in the helping professions: A review of the empirical evidence. Canadian Journal of Counseling Review, 22 (3), 310-342.

Kanter, J. (2007). Compassion fatigue and secondary traumatization: A second look. Clinical Social Work Journal, 35, 289-293.

Kaslow, F. W. (1984). (Ed). Psychotherapy with psychotherapists. New York: Haworth Press.

Kaslow, N.J., & Rice, D.G. (1985). Developmental stresses of psychology internship training: What training staff can do to help. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 16(2), 253-261.

Kay, M. (2012). Do we overdramatize family physician burnout? YES. Canadian Family Physician.

Kilbourn, P. A. (1995). Providing care for the caregivers. In Kilbourn, P. A. (Ed.). Healing the children of war: a handbook for ministry to children who have suffered deep traumas, pp. 225-237. Monrovia, California

Kilburg, R. R., Nathan, P. E., & Thoreson, R. W. (Eds.). (1986). Professionals in Distress: Issues, syndromes, and solution in psychology. American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Kim, H. & Ji, J. (2009). Factor structure and longitudinal invariance of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Research on Social Work Practice, 19, 325-339.

Kim, H. & Stoner, M. (2008). Burnout and turnover intention among social workers: Effect of role, stress, job autonomy, and social support. Administration in Social Work, 32(3), 5-25.

Kleespies, P. M., & Dettmer, E. L. (2000). The stress of patient emergencies for the clinician: Incidence, impact and means of coping. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56, 2353-2369.

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Kramen-Kahn, B., & Hansen, N. (1998). Rafting the rapids: Occupational hazards, rewards, and coping strategies of psychotherapists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29(2), 130-134.

Kramer, G. (1999). Traumatized women working with traumatized women: Reflections upon life and work in a war zone. Women and Therapy, 22, (1), 107-120.

Krasner MS, Epstein R, Beckman H et al. (2009). Association of an educational program in mindful communication with burnout, empathy and attitudes among primary care physicians. JAMA, 302/12, 1284-92.

Kremer, B. J., & Owen, W. A. (1979). Stress in the life of the counselor. School Counselor, 26, 40-45.

Laliotis, D. A. & Grayson, F. H. (1985). Psychologist Heal Thyself: What is available for the impaired psychologist. American Psychologist, 40, 84-96.

Layman, E. (1996). The relationships among psychological type, hardiness, coping mechanisms, and burnout in directors of hospital health information management departments (Doctoral dissertation, Georgia State University, 1995). Dissertation Abstracts International, 56(12), 7079B. (University Microfilms No. AAT 9610051)

Layman, E. & Guyden, J. A. (1997). Reducing your risk of burnout. Health Care Supervisor 15(3), 57-69.

Lehr, J. F. (2006). Clergy burnout: Recovering from the 70 hour week and other self-defeating practices. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress.

Leiter, M. P. (1993). Burnout as a developmental process: Considerations of models. In Schaufeli, W. B., Maslach, C., & Marek, T. (Eds.). Professional burnout: recent developments in theory and research (pp.237-249). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Leiter, M. P., Bakker, A. B., & Maslach, C. (Eds.). (2014). Burnout at Work: A psychological perspective. NY: Psychology Press.

Leiter, M. P. & Maslach, C. (1988). The impact of interpersonal environment on burnout and organizational commitment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 9, 297-308.

Leiter, M. P. & Maslach, C. (2000). Preventing burnout and building engagement: A complete program for organizational renewal. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Leiter, M.P. & Maslach, C. (2001). Burnout and Health. Handbook of Health Psychology (pp. 415-426). London: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Leiter, M. P. & Maslach, C. (2004). Areas of worklife: A structured approach to organizational predictors of job burnout. In P. L. Perrewe & D. C. Ganster (Eds.), Research in occupational stress and well-being (Vol. 3, 91-134). Oxford: Elsevier.

Leiter, M. P., & Maslach, C. (2005). Banishing burnout: Six strategies for improving your relationship with work. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Leiter, M. P. & Maslach, C. (2005). A mediation model of job burnout. In Antoniou, A. S., & Cooper, C. L. (Eds.), Research companion to organizational health psychology (544-564). Elgar Publishing.

Leiter, M. P., & Maslach, C. (2009). Nurse turnover: The mediating role of burnout. Journal of Nursing Management, 17, 331-339.

Lemkau, J. P., Purdy, R. R., Rafferty, J. P. & Rudisill, J. R. (1988). Correlates of burnout among family practice residents. Journal of Medical Education, 63(9), 682-691.

Levine, G. (1981). I quit! A guide to burnout prevention. Orange, CA: Indeco.

Levine, G. (Speaker). (1981, June). The typology of burnout. Presented at MBTI-IV, the Fourth Biennial National Conference on the Use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Association for Psychological Type, Palo Alto, CA. (Cassette Recording No. CS-31, Program No. 81-208). Garden Grove, CA: InfoMedix.

Mahoney, M. J. (1997). Psychotherapists' personal problems and self-care patterns. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 28(1), 14-16.

Marmor, J. (1982). Some factors involved in occupation-related depression among psychiatrists. Psychiatric Annals, 12, 913-920.

Maslach, C. (1982). Burnout - the cost of caring. New York: Prentice Hall Press.

Maslach, C. (1986). Stress, burnout, and workaholism. In Kilburg, R. R., Nathan, P. E., & Thoreson, R. & W. (Eds.). Professionals in distress: Issues, syndromes, and solutions in psychology. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Maslach, C. (1993). Burnout: A multidimensional perspective. In Schaufeli, W. B., Maslach, C., & Marek, T. (Eds.). Professional burnout: recent developments in theory and research (pp.19-32). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Maslach, C. (2003). Job burnout: New directions in research and intervention. Current Directions in Psychological Science , 12, 189-192.

Maslach, C. (2005). Understanding burnout: Work and family issues. In D. F. Halpern & S. E. Murphy (Eds.), From work-family balance to work-family interaction: Changing the metaphor (99-114). Mahwah , NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum.

Maslach, C. (2011). Engagement research: Some thoughts from a burnout perspective. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 20, 47-52.

Maslach, C. & Goldberg, J. (1998). Prevention of burnout: New perspectives. Applied Preventive Psychology, 7, 63-74.

Maslach, C. & Jackson, S. E. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2(2), 99-113.

Maslach, C. & Leiter, M. P. (1997). The truth about burnout. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. [Translated into Dutch, Swedish, Japanese, Chinese, Portuguese, Italian, German; Greek forthcoming]

Maslach, C. & Leiter, M. P. (1997). The truth about burnout: how organizations cause personal stress and what to do about it. San Francisco, CA. Jossey-Bass Inc.

Maslach, C. & Leiter, M. P. (2005). Stress and burnout: The critical research. In C. L. Cooper (Ed.), Handbook of stress medicine and health, 2nd ed. (153-170). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC.

Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (2008). Early predictors of job burnout and engagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 498-512.

Maslach, C., Leiter, M. P., & Jackson, S. E. (2012). Making a significant difference with burnout interventions: Researcher and practitioner collaboration. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33, 296-300. [published online 12 October 2011, DOI: 10.1002/job.784]

Maslach, C., Leiter, M. P., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2009). Measuring burnout. In C. L. Cooper & S. Cartwright (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of organizational well-being (86-108). Oxford UK: Oxford University Press.

Maslach, C., & Schaufeli, W. B. (1993). Historical and conceptual development of burnout. In Schaufeli, W. B., Maslach, C., & Marek, T. (Eds.). Professional burnout: recent developments in theory and research (pp.1-16). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Maslach, C., Jackson, S. E, & Leiter, M. P. (1996). Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychological Press. 3rd Ed.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual review of Psychology, 52, 397-422.

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Mutchler, K. D. (1999). The relationship of personality type to perceived levels of job burnout among secondary principals. (Doctoral dissertation, Drake University, 1998). Dissertation Abstracts International, 60(07), 2312A. (University Microfilms No. ATT99-40726)

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