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Clinical Hypnosis


This resource page is part of an Online Course
Clinical Hypnosis

CE Credits for Psychologists. CE Credits (CEUs) for LMFTs, Social Workers, Counselors and Nurses.
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Professional Certifications

  • ASCH Certification
  • ASCH Approved Consultant
  • Information available from American Society of Clinical Hypnosis
  • ASCH - website provides a list member referral list by state. Also provides a list of certified professionals for advanced training.

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  • Alman, B. M., & Lambrou, P. (1997). Self-hypnosis: A complete manual for health and self-change. (3rd ed). New York: Brunner/Mazel.
  • Baker, E.L. (2000). Reflections on the hypnotic relationship: Projective identification, containment, and attunement. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48, 56-69.
  • Baker, E.L. (1981). An hypnotherapeutic approach to enhance object relatedness in psychotic patients. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 29, 136-147.
  • Barabasz, A. F. & Watkins, J.G. (2005). Hypnotherapeutic techniques, (2nd ed.). New York: Brunner-Routledge.
  • Barber, J. (1996). Hypnosis and suggestion in the treatment of pain. New York: Norton.
  • Barber, J. (1977). Rapid induction analgesia: a clinical report. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 19, 138-147.
  • Barber, J., & Mayer, D. (1977). Evaluation of efficacy and neural mechanism of a hypnotic analgesia procedure in experimental and clinical dental pain. Pain, 4, 41-48.
  • Barber, T. X. (1963). The effects of "hypnosis" on pain: A critical review of experimental and clinical findings. Psychosomatic Medicine, 24, 303-333.
  • Barber, T. X., & Hahn, K. W. (1962). Physiological and subjective responses to pain-producing stimulation under hypnotically suggested and waking-imagined "analgesia". Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 65, 411-418.
  • Bowers, K.S. (1976). Hypnosis for the seriously curious. New York: Norton.
  • Brigham, D.D. (1994). Imagery for getting well. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Brown, D.P. & Fromm, E. (1986). Hypnotherapy and hypnoanalysis. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Brown, D.P. & Fromm, E. (1987). Hypnotherapy and behavioral medicine. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Brown, D.P., Scheflin, AW. & Hammond, D.C. (1997). Memory, trauma, treatment, and the law. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Cardena, E. (2000). Hypnosis in the treatment of trauma: A promising, but not fully supported, efficacious intervention. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48, 225-238.
  • Chambless, D. L., & Hollon, S. D. (1998). Defining empirically supported therapies. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 66, 7-18.
  • Chaves, J.F. (1994). Recent advances in the application of hypnosis to pain management. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 37, 117-129.
  • Chaves, J. F. (1989). Hypnotic control of clinical pain. In N. P. Spanos & J. F. Chaves (Eds.), Hypnosis: The cognitive-behavioral perspective (pp. 242-272). Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus.
  • Chaves, J. F., & Dworkin, S. F. (1997). Hypnotic control of pain: Historical perspectives and future prospects. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 45, 356-376.
  • Cheek, D.B. (1994). Hypnosis: The application of ideomotor techniques. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Crasilneck, H.B. & Hall, J. A. (1985). Clinical hypnosis principles and applications. Second Edition. New York: Grune & Stratton.
  • Daitch, C. (2007). Affect regulation toolbox: Practical and effective hypnotic interventions for the over-reactive client. New York: Norton.
  • Egner, T. & Raz, A. (2007). Cognitive control processes and hypnosis. In G. A. Jamieson (Ed.), Hypnosis and conscious states: The cognitive neuroscience perspective (pp. 29-50). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Eimer, B.N. & Freeman, A. (1998). Pain management psychotherapy: A practical guide. New York: Wiley.
  • Elkins, G.R. & Rajab, M.H. (2004). Clinical hypnosis for smoking cessation: preliminary results of a three-session intervention. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 52, 73-81.
  • Elkins, G.R. (1997). My doctor does hypnosis. Des Plaines, IL: ASCH Press
  • Erickson, M.H. (1980). The collected papers of Milton H. Erickson on hypnosis. Volumes 1-4. (E.L. Rossi Ed.). New York: Irvington.
  • Fass, M.L. & Brown, D. (1990). Creative mastery in hypnosis and hypnoanalysis: A festschrift for Erika Fromm. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA, Pubs.
  • Frederick, C. & McNeal, S. (1999). Inner strengths: Contemporary psychotherapy and hypnosis for ego-strengthening. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Fromm, E. & Nash, M. (1997). Psychoanalysis and hypnosis. New York: International Universities Press.
  • Fromm, E., Brown, D. P., Hurt, S. W., Oberlander, J. Z., Boxer, A. M., & Pfeifer, G. (1981). The phenomena and characteristics of self-hypnosis. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 29, 189-246.
  • Gauld, A. (1992). A history of hypnotism. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gravitz, M. A. (1988). Early uses of hypnosis as surgical anesthesia. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 30, 201-208.
  • Gravitz, M. A., & Gerton, M. I. (1984). Origins of the term hypnotism prior to Braid. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 27, 107-110.
  • Hammond D.C. (1990). Handbook of hypnotic suggestions and metaphors. New York: WW Norton.
  • Hammond, D. C. (Ed.). (1988). Hypnotic induction and suggestion: An introductory manual. Des Plaines, IL: American Society of Clinical Hypnosis.
  • Hammond, D.C. & Elkins, G.R. (1995). Standards of training in clinical hypnosis. Des Plaines, IL: ASCH Press.
  • Hammond, D.C., Garver, R.B., Mutter, C.B. et al. (1995). Clinical hypnosis and memory: guidelines for clinicians and for forensic hypnosis. Des Plaines, IL: ASCH Press.
  • Hilgard, E.R. (1965). Hypnotic susceptibility. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
  • Hilgard, E. R. (1967). A quantitative study of pain and its reduction through hypnotic suggestion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 57, 1581-1586.
  • Hilgard, E. R. (1969). Pain as a puzzle for psychology and physiology. American Psychologist, 24, 103-113.
  • Hilgard, E. R. (1973). A neodissociation interpretation of pain reduction in hypnosis. Psychological Review, 396-411.
  • Hilgard, E. R. (1977). Divided consciousness: Multiple controls in human thought and action. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
  • Holroyd, J. (1996). Hypnosis treatment of clinical pain: Understanding why hypnosis is useful. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 44, 33-51.
  • Kahn, S. and Fromm, E. (2001) Changes in the therapist. New Jersey: Erlbaum.
  • Kihlstrom, J. F. (1987). The cognitive unconscious. Science, 237, 1445-1452.
  • Kihlstrom, J. F. (1992a). Dissociation and dissociations: A comment on consciousness and cognition. Consciousness & Cognition, 1, 47-53.
  • Kihlstrom, J. F. (1992b). Hypnosis: A sesquicentennial essay. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 40, 301-314.
  • Kihlstrom, J. F. (1997). Consciousness and me-ness. In J. Cohen & J. Schooler (Eds.), Scientific approaches to consciousness. (pp. 451-468). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Kihlstrom, J. F., Barnhardt, T. M., & Tataryn, D. J. (1992). Implicit perception. In R. F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (Eds.), Perception without awareness: Cogntive, clinical, and social perspectives (pp. 17-54). New York: Guilford.
  • King, B.J., Nash, M.R., Spiegel, D., & Jobson, K. (2001). Hypnosis as an intervention in pain management: A Brief Review. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 5, 97-101.
  • Kirsch, I. (1996). Hypnosis in psychotherapy: Efficacy and mechanisms. Contemporary Hypnosis, 13, 109-114.
  • Kirsch, I., Capafons, A, Cardena-Buelna, E, & Borras, SA. (1998). Clinical hypnosis and self regulation: A cognitive- behavioral perspective. Washington, DC: APA
  • Kirsch I., Montgomery G., & Sapirstein G. (1995). Hypnosis as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 214-220.
  • Lynn, S.J., Kirsch, I., Barabasz, A., Cardena, E., & Patterson, D. (2000). Hypnosis as an empirically supported clinical intervention: The state of the evidence and a look to the future. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 48, 239-259.
  • Lynn, S.J. & Rhue, J.W. (1991). Theories of hypnosis: Current models and perspectives. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Lynn, S.J., Krisch, I, & Rhue, J.W. (1996). Casebook of clinical hypnosis. Washington, D.C.: APA
  • Montgomery, G., DuHamel, K., & Redd, W. (2000). A meta-analysis of hypnotically induced analgesia: How effective is hypnosis? International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48, 138-153.
  • Nash, M. (2008). The Oxford handbook of hypnosis: Theory, research & practice. Oxford University Press.
  • Nash, M.R. & Benham, G. (2005). The truth and hype of hypnosis. Scientific American, 285, 46-55.
  • Nash, M. (1987). What, if anything, is repressed about hypnotic age regression: A review of the literature. Psychological Bulletin, 102, 45-52.
  • Nash, N.R. & Barnier, A. (Eds). (2008). The Oxford handbook of hypnosis: Theory, research, and practice. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  • National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Panel. (1996). Integration of behavioral and relaxation approaches into the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. Journal of the American Medical Association, 276, 313-318.
  • Olness, K. & Kohen, D. (1996). Hypnosis and hypnotherapy with children (3rd ed) . New York: Guilford.
  • Oster, M. I. (1994). Psychological preparation for labor and delivery using hypnosis. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 37, 12-21.
  • Pinnell, C. M., & Covino, N. M. (2000). Empirical findings on the use of hypnosis in medicine: A critical review. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48, 170-194.
  • Pulos, L. (1990). Beyond Hypnosis. San Francisco: Omega Press.
  • Rausch, V. (1980). Cholesystectomy with self hypnosis. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 22, 547-551.
  • Raz, A. (2007). Suggestibility and hypnotizability: Mind the gap. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 49, 205-210.
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  • Scheflin, AW. & Shapiro, J.L. (1989). Trance on trial. New York: Guilford.
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  • Spanos, N.P. and Chaves, IF. (1989). Hypnosis: The cognitive-behavioral perspective. New York: Prometheus Books.
  • Spiegel, H. & Linn, L. (1969). The "ripple effect" following adjunct hypnosis in analytic psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 126, 53-58.
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  • Wall, T.W. (1991). Ethics: The royal road to legitimacy. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 34, 73-78.
  • Watkins, J.G. & Watkins, H.H. (1997). Ego states: Theory and therapy. New York: Norton.
  • Wester, W.C., II, & Smith, A.H., Jr. (Eds). (1987). Clinical hypnosis: A case management approach. Cincinnati: Behavior Science Center.
  • Wester, W.C., II & Smith, A.H., Jr. (Eds). (1984). Clinical hypnosis: A multidisciplinary approach. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
  • Yapko, Michael D. (2003). Trancework: An Introduction To The Practice of Clinical Hypnosis (3rd edition). New York: Brunner-Rutledge.
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Update: Hypnosis and Breast Cancer Surgery

  • Recent research has shown that women who have surgery for breast cancer may benefit from a single session of hypnosis before having surgery. A study conducted by Dr. Guy Montgomery and his colleagues at Mount Sinai medical center in New York followed 200 women who were about to have surgery in the form of a lumpectomy or breast biopsy. Half the women were assigned to a control group that had a chance to talk with a psychologist for 15 minutes; and the other half had a 15-minute session that included hypnosis. The hypnosis session included relaxation, pleasant imagery, and self-soothing techniques. The women who were given the single session of hypnosis experienced less pain, nausea, fatigue, and emotional distress following the surgery. Interestingly, they also needed less anesthesia during the surgical procedure. This is a worthwhile article, and is paired with a thought provoking editorial about hypnosis and surgery by Dr. David Spiegel at Stanford University.
    • Montgomery GH, Bovbjerg DH, Schnur JB, David D, Goldfarb A, et al. (2007). A randomized clinical trial of a brief hypnosis intervention to control side effects in breast surgery patients. J Natl Cancer Inst., 99, 1304-1312.
    • Spiegel D. (2007) Editorial: The Mind Prepared: Hypnosis in Surgery. J Natl Cancer Inst, 99, 1280-1281.

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