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Self Disclosure By Therapists: Ethical & Clinical Considerations


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Self Disclosure By Therapists: Ethical & Clinical Considerations

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Additional Resources

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  • Lin, W. Y., Zhang, X., Song, H., & Omori, K. (2016). Health information seeking in the Web 2.0 age: Trust in social media, uncertainty reduction, and self-disclosure. Computers in Human Behavior, 56, 289-294.
  • Patterson, C. H. (1985). Therapist self-disclosure. In The therapeutic relationship: Foundations for an eclectic psychotherapy (pp. 80-84). Monterey, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
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  • Reamer, F. G. (2011). The boundaries of self-disclosure in clinical social work. Social Work Today. Retrieved from
  • Simonds, L. M., & Spokes, N. (2017). Therapist self-disclosure and the therapeutic alliance in the treatment of eating problems. Eating Disorders, 1-14.
  • Stricker, G. & Fisher, M. (1990). Self-disclosure in the therapeutic relationship. New York, NY: Springer.
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  • Ziv-Beiman, S., Keinan, G., Livneh, E., Malone, P. S., & Shahar, G. (2016). Immediate therapist self-disclosure bolsters the effect of brief integrative psychotherapy on psychiatric symptoms and the perceptions of therapists: A randomized clinical trial. Psychotherapy Research, 1-13.
  • Ziv-Beiman, S., & Shahar, G. (2016). Therapeutic self-disclosure in integrative psychotherapy: When is this a clinical error? Psychotherapy, 53(3), 273-277.
  • Zur, O. (2006). Therapeutic boundaries and dual relationships in rural practice: Ethical, clinical and standard of care considerations. Journal of Rural Community Psychology, 9(1), 1-40. Retrieved from
  • Zur, O. (2008). The Google factor: Therapists' unwitting self-disclosure on the net. New Therapist 57, 16-22. Retrieved from
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  • Zur, O. (2009). Ethical and standard of care considerations regarding therapists' self-disclosure. A. Bloomgarden and R. B. Mennuti, (Eds). Psychotherapist Revealed: Therapists Speak about Self-Disclosure (pp 31-55). New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.
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  • Zur, O. (2010). How should psychologists respond to online 'friending' requests? National Psychologist, 14.

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