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Deceptive Clients

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Online Resources



  • Aamodt, M. G. & Custer, H. (2006). Who Can Best Catch a Liar? A meta-analysis of individual differences in detecting deception. Forensic Examiner, 15(1), 6-11.
  • Akehurst, L., Köhnken, G., Vrij, A., & Bull, R. (1997). Lay Persons' and Police Officers' Beliefs Regarding Deceptive Behaviour. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 10, 461-471.
  • Bond, C. F. & DePaulo, B. M. (2006). Accuracy of Deception Judgments. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10(3), 214-234.
  • Bond, C. F. & DePaulo, B. A. (2008). Individual Differences in Judging Deception: Accuracy and Bias. Psychological Bulletin, 134(4) , 477-492. Doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.4.477
  • Bok, S. (1987). Lying: Moral choice in public and private life. New York: Pantheon.
  • Burgoon, J. K., Buller, D. B., Ebesu, A. S., Rockwell, P. (1994) Interpersonal Deception: V. Accuracy in Deception Detection. Communication Monographs, 61(4), 303-325.
  • DePaulo, B. M., Stone, J. I., & Lassiter, G. D. (1985). Deceiving and detecting deceit. In B. R. Schlenker (Ed.), The self and social life (pp. 323-370). New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • DePaulo, B. (2014, April 27). Unconscious, Gut-Level Lie Detection? Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/living-single/201404/unconscious-gut-level-lie-detection.
  • DePaulo, B. M., Lindsay, J. J., Malone, B. E., Muhlenbruck, L., Charlton, K. & Cooper, H. (2003). Cues to Deception. Psychological Bulletin, 129(1), 74-118.
  • De Waal, F. B. (1996). Good Natured. London: Harvard University Press.
  • Ekman, P., & O'Sullivan, M. (1991). Who Can Catch a Liar? American Psychologist, 46 (9) , 913-920.
  • Fuller, C. M., Biros, D. P., & Wilson, R. L. (2009). Decision Support for Determining Veracity via Linguistic-Based Cues. Decision Support Systems, 46 (3) , 695-703.
  • Garrido, E., Masip, J., & Herrero, C. (2004). Police Officers' Credibility Judgements: Accuracy and estimated ability. International Journal of Psychology, 39 (2), 254-275.
  • Huss, M. T. (2012). Forensic Psychology: Research, clinical practice, and applications (2nd ed.) Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  • Johnson, M. K. (1988). Reality Monitoring: An Experimental Phenomenological Approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 117 (4), 390-394.
  • Johnson, M. K.&Raye, C. L. (1981). Reality Monitoring. Psychological Review, 88 (1), 67-85.
  • Johnson Jr., R., Barnhardt, J. & Zhu, J. (2004). The Contribution of Executive Processes to Deceptive Responding. Neuropsychologia, 42, 878-901.
  • Johnston, S. A., Candelier, A. S., Powers-Green, D. & Rahmani, S. (2014). Attributes of Truthful Versus Deceitful Statements in the Evaluation of Accused Child Molesters. Sage Open, 4(3), 1-10. doi: 10.1177/2158244014548849
  • Leins, D. A., Fisher, R. P.&Vrij, A. (2012). Drawing on Liars' Lack of Cognitive Flexibility: Detecting Deception Through Varying Report Modes. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26, 601-607.
  • Lee, Z., Klaver, J., Hart, S. (2008). Psychopathy and Verbal Indicators of Deception in Offenders. Psychology, Crime & Law, 14(1), 73-84.
  • Levine, T. R., Park, H. S., McCornack, S. A. (1999). Accuracy in Detecting Truths and Lies: Documenting the “veracity effect”. Communication Monographs, 66(2), 125-144.
  • Masip, J., Sporer, S., Garrido, E. &Herrero, C. (2005). The Detection of Deception with the Reality Monitoring Approach: A review of the Empirical Evidence. Psychology, Crime & Law, 11(1), 99-122.doi: 10.1080/10683160410001726356
  • Melton, G. B., Petrila, J., Poythress, N. G. & Slobogin, C. (1997). Psychological evaluations for the courts: Handbook for mental health professionals and lawyers. New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Nahari, G., Vrij, A. & Fisher, R. P.(2012). Does the Truth Come out in the Writing? SCAN as a Lie Detection Tool. Law and Human Behavior, 36(1), 68-76.
  • Newman, M. L., Pennebaker, J. W., Berry, D. S.& Richards, J. M. (2003). Lying Words: Predicting Deception From Linguistic Styles. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29 (5), 665-675.
  • Porter S. & ten Brinke, L. (2010). The Truth about Lies: What works in detecting high-stakes deception? Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15, 57-75.
  • Rogers, R. (1988). Clinical Assessment of Malingering and Deception. In R. Rogers, Structured interviews and dissimulation (pp. 250-268). New York, NY, Guilford Press.
  • Rogers, R. (2008) Clinical assessment of malingering and deception. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Rosen, G. M. (2004). Malingering and the PTSD Data Base. In G. M. Rosen (Ed), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Issues and controversies (pp. 85-95). Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Rubenzer, S. (2010) Review of the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2). Open Access Journal of Forensic Psychology, 2, 273-286.
  • Saxe, L. (1994). Detection of Deception: Polygraph and Integrity Tests. Current Direction in Psychological Sciences, 3, 69-73.
  • Schweitzer, M. E. & Croson, R. (1999). Curtailing Deception: The impact of direct questions on lies and omissions. The International Journal of Conflict Management, 10(3), 225-248.
  • Sporer, S. L. (1997). The Less Travelled Road to Truth: Verbal Cues in Deception Detection in Accounts of Fabricated and Self-Experienced Events. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 11, 373-397.
  • Strömwall, L. Awi, Bengtsson, L., Leander, L. &Granhag, P. A. (2004). Assessing Children's Statements: The Impact of a Repeated Experience on CBCA and RM Ratings. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 653-668.
  • ten Brinke, L. & Porter, S. (2013). Discovering deceit: Applying laboratory and field research in the search for truthful and deceptive behavior. In Cooper, B. et al. (Eds.) Applied Issues in Investigative Interviewing, Eyewitness Memory, and Credibility Assessment (221-235). New York, NY: Springer.
  • ten Brinke, L., Stimson, D. & Carney, D (2014). Some Evidence for Unconscious Lie Detection. Psychological Science 25(5) , 1098-1105.
  • Tillbrook, C., Mumley, D., Grisso, T. (2003). Avoiding Expert Opinions on the Ultimate Legal Question: The case for integrity. Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 3(3) , 77-87.
  • Tombaugh, T. N. (1997). The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM): Normative data from cognitive intact and cognitively impaired individuals. Psychological Assessment, 9, 260-268.
  • Trivers, R. (2011). The folly of fools: The logic of deceit and self-deception in human life. New York, NY: Basic Books.
  • Vrij, A. (2008a). Detecting lies and deceit: Pitfalls and opportunities (2nd ed.) Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Vrij, A. (2008b). Nonverbal Dominance Versus Verbal Accuracy in Lie Detection: A plea to Change Police Practice. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35(10), 1323-1336.
  • Vrij, A., Akehurst, L., Soukara, S., & Bull, R. (2004). Let Me Inform You How to Tell a Convincing Story CBCA and Reality Monitoring Scores as a Function of Age, Coaching, and Deception. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 36(2), 113-126.
  • Vrij, A., Edward, K., & Bull, R. (2001). Police officers' ability to detect deceit: The benefit of indirect deception detection measures. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 6(2), 185-196.
  • Vrij, A., Granhag, P. A., Mann, S. & Leal S. (2011). Outsmarting the Liars: Toward a Cognitive Lie Detection Approach. Current Directions in the Psychological Sciences, 20 (1), 28-32.
  • Vrij, A., Mann, S., Fisher, R., Leal, S., Milne, R. & Bull, R. (2008). Increasing Cognitive Load to Facilitate Lie Detection: The Benefit of Recalling an Event in Reverse Order. Law and Human Behavior, 32, 253-265.
  • Vrij, A., Mann, S., Kristen, S. & Fisher R. (2007). Cues to Deception and Ability to Detect Lies as a Function of Police Interview Styles. Law and Human Behavior, 31, 499-518.
  • Willén R. M&Strömwall L. A. (2012). Offenders' Uncoerced False Confessions: A new application of statement analysis? Law and Criminological Psychology, 17, 346-359.
  • Zuckerman, M., DePaulo, B. M., & Rosenthal, R. (1981). Verbal and nonverbal communication of deception. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 1-59). New York: Academic.

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