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Eating Disorders: A Clinician's Guide

Resources & References

An Online Course:
Eating Disorders: Identified, Defined & Treated

Table Of Contents



The following is a list of eating disorder resources where you can obtain further information as well as referrals for treatment programs and therapists who specialize in eating disorders. After the list of resources, you'll find a list of references to the articles presented in the course.

Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)
6728 Old McLean Village Drive
McLean, VA 22101
(703) 556-9222
Promotes effective treatment and prevention initiatives, and stimulates research. AED sponsors an international conference.

Alliance for Eating Disorders Awareness
PO Box 13155
North Palm Beach, FL 33408-3155
(561) 841-0900
Seeks to establish easily accessible programs across the nation that allow children and young adults the opportunity to learn about eating disorders.

American Anorexia/Bulimia Association, Inc. (AABA)
165 West 46th Street, Suite 1108
New York, NY 10036
(212) 575-6200
email: AmAnBu@aol.com

Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa Foundation of Victoria
1513 High Street
Glen Iris Vic 3146 AUSTRALIA
(03) 9885 0318
The Anorexia & Bulimia Nervosa Foundation of Victoria (ABNFV) is a non-profit organization which aims to support those whose lives are affected by Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa and to better inform the community about eating disorders.

Anorexia Bulimia Nervosa Foundation
First Floor- Woodards House
47 - 49 Waymouth Street
(08) 8212 1644
The Anorexia Bulimia Nervosa Foundation in South Australia was formed during November 1983 with the object of helping eating disorder sufferers, their families and friends.

British Columbia Eating Disorders Association
841 Fairfield Road
Victoria BC Canada
(250) 383-2755
Non-profit organization dedicated to peer support, peer counselling, and advocacy. We also run prevention programs for elementary, secondary schools and university/college classes. We are completely volunteer driven and supported!

Center for the Study of Anorexia and Bulimia
(212) 595-3449
1 West 91st Street
New York,NY 10024
The Center has four objectives: effective treatment, specialized training, significant research, and increased community understanding.

Compulsive Eaters Anonymous - H.O.W.
PO BOX 4403
10016 Pioneer Blvd Suite 101
Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670
(310) 942-8161
fax (310) 948-3721
A twelve step recovery program.

Eating Disorder Referral and Information Center
2923 Sandy Pointe, Suite 6
Del Mar, CA 92014-2052
Answering any questions you might have about eating disorders and their prevention.

Eating Disorders Anonymous (EDA)
18233 N. 16th Way
Phoenix, AZ 85022
a fellowship of individuals who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they may solve their common problems and help others to recover from their eating disorders. People can and do fully recover from having an eating disorder. In EDA, we help one another identify and claim milestones of recovery.

Eating Disorders Association Northern Ireland
Bryson House
38 Ormeau Road
Belfast 7
Tel 080 232 234914
Members all receive information about Eating Disorders, including the magazine Signpost.

Eating Disorders Association of WA (Western Australia)
Unit 13A, Wellington Fair, 4 Lord Street, Perth
TELEPHONE: 9221 0488
FAX: 9221 0499

Eating Disorders Coalition
609 10th Street NE, Suite #1
Washington, DC 20002
(202) 543-3842
To promote, at the federal level, further investment in the healthy development of children and all at risk for eating disorders, recognition of eating disorders as a public health priority, and commitment to effective prevention and evidence based and accessible treatment of these disorders.

Eating Disorders Professionals (IAEDP)
123 NW 13th St. #206
Boca Raton, FL 33432-1618
(800) 800-8126
fax (407) 338-9913
An organization providing education, newsletters, local chapters, monthly bulletins, regional workshops, and certification. Professional membership.

Family Resources for Education on Eating Disorders (FREED)
9611 Page Avenue (Web)
Bethesda, MD 20814-1737
(301) 493-4568
A parent-founded, non-profit, organization committed to educating our community about the serious nature and growing prevalence of anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder; providing information about how to recognize and treat eating disorders; and providing resources for support for persons suffering from an eating disorder and for their families and friends.

Hazelden Ireland
PO Box 616, Cork.
Literature available on how to cope with eating disorders. 12 Step recovery programme.

Healing Connections, Inc.
1461A First Ave., Suite 303
New York, NY 10021
(212) 585-3450
A non-profit 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization that strives to save lives through education, prevention, intervention, advocacy and future financial assistance for people suffering from Anorexia and Bulimia.

Joshua Children's Foundation
Child Abuse can cause post traumatic stress disorder, chronic fatigue, eating disorders, and addictions. This website has healing resources, articles, and recommended books.

Massachusetts Eating Disorders Association, Inc. (MEDA)
92 Pearl Street
Newton, MA 02158
(617) 558-1881
Newsletter, referral network, and local support groups.

National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders (ANAD)
Box 7
Highland Park, IL 60035
(847) 831-3438
An association that is concerned with and provides a wide variety of programs for the entire Eating Disorders field (consumer advocacy, counsel, education, referral list, research, etc.)

National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance, Inc. (NAAFA)
P.O. Box 188620
Sacramento, CA 95818
(800) 442-1214
Advocacy group promoting size acceptance. Membership newsletters, educational materials, regional chapters, yearly convention, and pen-pal program

National Center for Overcoming Overeating
P.O. Box 1257
Old Chelsea Station
New York, NY 10113-0920
(212) 875-0442
Women's Campaign to End Body Hatred and Dieting

National Eating Disorders Association
603 Stewart St., Suite 803
Seattle, WA 98101
(206) 382-3587
It is the mission of the National Eating Disorders Association to eliminate eating disorders and body dissatisfaction through education, information and action.

The National Eating Disorder Information Centre (NEDIC)
CW 1-211, 200 Elizabeth Street
Toronto, Ontario
A non-profit organization established in 1985 to provide information and resources on eating disorders and weight preoccupation.

Newton-Wellesley Eating Disorders & Behavioral Medicine (NWEDBMED)
Offering a range of outpatient evaluation, consultation, and treatment services for eating disordered individuals (aged 18 years old and older)

Overeaters Anonymous
P.O. Box 44020
Rio Rancho, New Mexico 87124-4020
(505) 891-2664
FAX (505) 891-4320
Dealing with the issues of Compulsive Overeating. Site contains information on OA, info for healthcare professionals, a meeting locator map, fact file, OA literature, upcoming events and more.

Promoting Legislation & Education About Self-Esteem, Inc. (PLEASE)
91 S Main Street
West Hartford, CT 06107
(860) 521-2515
Memberships and Educational Programs, Workshops, and local chapters. Watch-dog of the growing diet industry.

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On Body Image

Great example of a social media "elevator pitch." An attempt to end destructive "Fat talk" that leads to disordered eating among women: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKPaxD61lwo&feature=youtu.be

Why Do Women Hate Their Bodies?


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Agras, W. S. (2001). The consequences and costs of the eating disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 24(2), 371-379.

American Dietetic Association. (2001). Position of the American Dietetic Association: Nutrition intervention in the treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS). Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 101(7), 810-819.

Baell, W. K., & Wertheim, E. H. (1992). Predictors of outcome in the treatment of bulimia nervosa. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31, 330-332.

Baker, J. et. al. (2012). Temporal sequence of comorbid alcohol use disorder and anorexia nervosa. Addictive Behaviors, 38, 1704.

Barabasz, M. (1991). Hypnotizability in bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 117-120.

Beumont, F. V., & Abraham, S. F. (1983). Episodes of ravenous overeating or bulimia: Their occurrence in patients with anorexia nervosa and with other forms of disordered eating. In P. Darby, P. E. Garfinkel, D. M. Garner, & D. V. Coscina, (Eds.), Anorexia nervosa: Recent developments in research (pp. 149-157). New York: Alan R. Liss.

Bodell, L., Joiner, T., & Keel, P. (2013). Comorbidity-independent risk for suicidality increases with bulimia nervosa but not with anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47 (5), 617-621.

Bossert, S., Schmolz, U., Wiegand, M., Junker, M., & Krieg, J. (1991). Case history and shorter communication: Predictors of short-term treatment outcome in bulimia nervosa inpatients. Behavioral Research and Therapy, 30, 2, 193-199.

Brewerton, T. (1995). Eating Disorders, Trauma, and Comorbidity: Focus on PTSD. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention, 15 (4), 285 – 304.

Brownell, K. (1995). Effects of weight cycling on metabolism, health, and psychological factors. In K. D. Brownell & C. G. Fairburn (Eds.), Eating disorders and obesity: A comprehensive handbook (pp. 78-82). New York: Guildford Press.

Bruch, H. (1973). Psychiatric aspects of obesity. Psychiatric Annals, 3(7), 6-10.

Bulik, C. M. (1987). Drug and alcohol abuse by bulimic women and their families. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144(12), 1604-1606.

Bulik, C. M., et. al. (2007). Anorexia nervosa treatment: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40 (4), 310-320.

Burgess, E.E., Sylvester, M.D., Morse, K.E., Amthor, F.R., Mrug, S., Lokken, K.L., Osborn, M.K., Soleymani, T., Boggiano, M.M. (2016). Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on binge-eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders. DOI: 10.1002/eat.22554

Cash, T. F., & Deagle, E. A. (1997). The nature and extent of body-image disturbances in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 22(2), 107-125.

Collings, S., & King, M. (1994). Ten-year follow-up of 50 patients with bulimia nervosa. British Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 80-87.

Collins, M. E. (1991). Body figure perceptions and preferences among pre-adolescent children. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 199-208.

Conrad, N., Rutgers, U. & Camden, N. J. (1992). Resolving the control struggle on an eating disorders unit. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 28(3), 13-18.

Cooper, P. J. (1995). Eating disorders and their relationship to mood and anxiety disorders. In K. D. Brownell & C. G. Fairburn, (Eds.), Eating disorders and obesity: A comprehensive handbook (pp.159-164). New York: The Guilford Press.

Covino, N., Jimerson, D., Wolfe, B., Frankel. D., & Frankel, F. (1994). Hypnotizability, dissociation, and bulimia nervosa. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 3, 455- 459.

Crisp, A. H., Callender, J. S., & Halek, C. (1992). Long-term mortality in anorexia nervosa: A 20 year follow-up of St. George's and Aberdeen Cohorts. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 104-107.

Crow, S.J., Peterson, C.B., Swanson, S.A., Raymond, N.C., Specker, S., Eckert, E.D., Mitchell, J.E. (2009) Increased mortality in bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry 166, 1342-1346.

Dakanalis, A., Gaudio, S., Riva, G., Clerici., M. (2017). Severity of bulimia nervosa and its impact on treatment outcome. Eating and Weight Disorders.

de Zwaan, M. (1994). Eating related and general psychopathology in obese females with binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 15(1), 43-52.

de Zwaan, M. (2001). Binge eating disorder and obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 25 (suppl 1), S51-55.

Eckert, E. D., Halmi, K. A., Marchi, P., Grove, W., & Crosby, R. (1995). Ten-year follow-up of anorexia nervosa: Clinical course and outcome. Psychological Medicine, 25, 143-156.

Eichen D.M., Matheson B.E., Appleton-Knapp S.L., Boutelle K.N. (2017). Neurocognitive treatments for eating disorders and obesity. Current Psychiatry Reports, 19(9), 62.

Eldredge, K., Wilson, G. T., & Whaley, A. (1990). Failure, self-evaluation, and feeling fat in women. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 9, 37-50.

Facco, E., Testoni, I., Ronconi. L., Casiglia, E., Zanette, G., Spiegel, D. (2017). Psychological Features of Hypnotizability: A First Step Towards Its Empirical Definition. International Journal of Clinical Exp Hypnosis, 65(1), 98-119.

Fairburn, C. G. (1981). A cognitive behavioral approach to the management of bulimia. Psychological Medicine, 11, 707-711.

Fairburn, C. G. (1985). The management of bulimia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 19(2-3), 465-472.

Fairburn, C. G., Kirk, J., O'Connor, M., Anastasiades, P., & Cooper, P. J. (1987). Prognostic factors in bulimia nervosa. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 26, 223-234.

Fairburn, C. G., Jones, R., Peveler, R. C., Carr, S. J., Solomon, R. A., O'Connor, M. E., Burton, J., & Hope, R. A. (1991). Three psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa: The longer-term of interpersonal psychotherapy, behavior therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry.

Fairburn, C. G., Doll, H. A., Welch, S. L., Hay, P. J., Davies, B. A., & O'Connor, M. E. (1998). Risk factors for binge eating disorder: a community-based, case-controlled study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55(5), 425-432.

Fairburn, C., Peveler, R., Jones, R. (1993). Predictors of 12-month outcome in bulimia nervosa and the influence of attitudes to shape and weight. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61(4), 696-698.

Fairburn, C. G., & Harrison, P. J. (2003). Eating disorders. Lancet, 361, 407-416.

Fallon, B., Walsh, B. T., Sadik, C., Saoud, J. B., & Lukasik, V. (1991). Outcome and clinical course in inpatient bulimic women: A 2- to 9-year follow-up study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 52, 6, 272-278.

Fichter, M. M. & Quadflieg, N. (2007). Long-term stability of eating disorder diagnoses. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40, Suppl:S61-6.

Fichter, M. M., & Quadflieg, N. (1997). Six-year course of bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 22, 361-384.

Fichter, M. M., & Quadflieg, N. (1999). Six-year course and outcome of anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 26(4), 359-385.

Field, A. et. al. (2012). A Prospective Study of Overeating, Binge Eating, and Depressive Symptoms Among Adolescent and Young Adult Women. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50, 478.

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Griffiths, R. A. (1993). The hypnotizability of patients with bulimia nervosa and partial syndromes in a controlled treatment outcome study. Contemporary Hypnosis, 81-87.

Grilo, C. M., Masheb, R. M., & Berman, R. M. (2001). Subtyping women with bulimia nervosa along dietary and negative affect dimensions: A replication in a treatment-seeking sample. Eating and Weight Disorders, 6, 1, 53-58.

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Heatherton, T. F., & Polivy, J. (1992). Chronic dieting and eating disorders: A spiral model. In J. Crowther, S. E. Hobfall, M. A. P. Stephens, and D. L. Tennenbaum (Eds.), The etiology of bulimia: The individual and familial context (pp. 133-155). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

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Herzog, D., Keller, M., Lavori, P., & Gray, H. M. (1992). A bulimia family story. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31(6), 1170-1171.

Herzog, D., Keller, M., Lavori, P. W., & Ott, I. L. (1987). Social impairment in bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 741-747.

Herzog, D. B., Norman, D. K., Rigotti, N. A., & Pepose, M. (1986). Frequency of bulimic behaviors and associated social maladjustment in female graduate students. Journal of Psychiatry Research, 20, 355-361.

Herzog, D. B.; Nussbaum, K. M.; Marmor, A. K. (1996). Comorbidity and outcome in eating disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 19 (4), 843-859.

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Keel, P. K., Mitchell, J. E., Miller, K. B., Davis, T. L., & Crow, S. J. (1999). Long- term outcome of bulimia nervosa. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 63-69.

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Maddocks, S. E., & Kaplan, A. S. (1991). The prediction of treatment response in bulimia nervosa. A study of patient variables. British Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 846-849.

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Mason, N., & Chaney, J. M. (1996). Bulimia nervosa in undergraduate women: Factors associated with internalization of the sociocultural standard of thinness.

Matheson, B., et. al. (2013). Eating patterns in youth with and without loss of control eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 45 (8).

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