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Ethical Decision-Making

An Online Course:
Ethical Decision-Making in Psychotherapy

Ethical Decision Making

On Ethics and Psychology

Ethical Risk Management


On Ethics and Torture



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  • Caldwell, B. E., & Stone, D. J. (2016). Using scaling to facilitate ethical decision-making in family therapy. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 44(4), 198-210.
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  • Carnes-Holt, K., Maddox II, R. P., Warren, J., Morgan, M., & Zakaria, N. S. (2016). Using bookmarks: An approach to support ethical decision making in play therapy. International Journal of Play Therapy, 25(4), 176-185. doi:10.1037/pla0040380
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  • Kitchener, K. S., & Anderson, S. K. (2011). Foundations of ethical practice, research, and teaching in psychology and counseling (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
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  • Knapp, S., & VandeCreek, L. (2012). Practical ethics for psychologists: A positive approach. 2d ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
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  • Levitt, D. H., Farry, T. J., & Mazzarella, J. R. (2015). Counselor ethical reasoning: Decision-making practice versus theory. Counseling and Values, 60, 84–99.
  • Pohling, R., Bzdok, D., Eigenstetter, M., Stumpf, S., & Strobel, A. (2016). What is ethical competence? The role of empathy, personal values, and the five-factor model of personality in ethical decision-making. Journal of Business Ethics, 137(3), 449-474. doi:10.1007/s10551-015-2569-5
  • Pope, K. S., and M. Vasquez. 2011. Ethics in psychotherapy and counseling: A practical guide. 4th ed. New York: Wiley.
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  • Sileo, F. & Kopala, M. (1993). An A-B-C-D-E worksheet for promoting beneficence when considering ethical issues. Counseling and Values, 37, 89-95.
  • Stadler, H. A. (1986). Making hard choices: Clarifying controversial ethical issues. Counseling & Human Development, 19, 1-10.
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  • Yonan, J., Bardick, A. D., & Willment, J. H. (2011). Ethical decision making, therapeutic boundaries, and communicating using online technology and cellular phones. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, 45(4), 307-326.
  • Zur, O. (2007). Boundaries in Psychotherapy: Ethical and Clinical Explorations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association – APA Books.
  • Zur, O. (2008). Historical Shifts In The Debate On Therapeutic Boundaries. California Psychologist, 41 (1), 6-9.
  • Zur, O. (2009). Power in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Exploring the “inherent power differential” and related myths about therapists’ omnipotence and clients’ vulnerability. Independent Practitioner 29, (3), 160-164.
  • Zur, O. (2010). Self-disclosure. In I. B. Weiner & W. E. Craighead (Eds.), Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (4th ed., pp. 1532-1534).
  • Zur, O. (2010). To Google or Not to Google … Our Clients? When psychotherapists and other mental health care providers search their clients on the Web. Independent Practitioner, 30/3, pp. 144-148.
  • Zur, O. (2012). Subsequent Therapist Syndrome: Are We Our Worst Enemy? Independent Practitioner. 32/1, 10-12.
  • Zur, O. (Ed.) (2017). Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Unavoidable, Common and Mandatory Dual Relations in Therapy. New York: Routledge.
  • Zur, O. & Huggins, R. (2018). HIPAA Compliance Kit, 9th Edition. Distributed by Zur Institute, Inc. (3rd Edition of HIPAA Compliance Kit by Ofer Zur, Ph.D. was Distributed by W. W. Norton, N.Y.: Norton Professional Books.)
  • Zur, O. & Zur, A. (2011). The Facebook Dilemma: To Accept or Not to Accept? Responding to Clients’ “Friend Requests” on Psychotherapists’ Social Networking Sites. Independent Practitioner, 31/1, pp. 12-17.

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