Power in Therapy

Bibliography on Power in Therapy and Similar Settings

Resources & References

Online Courses:
Power Relationships in Psychotherapy: Rethinking Therapists’ Omnipotence and Clients’ “Inherent” Vulnerability
Power in Psychotherapy and Counseling

Alpert, J. L., & Steinberg, A. (L.). (2017). Sexual boundary violations: A century of violations and a time to analyze. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 144-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000094

Arendt, H. (1986) Communicative Power. In S. Lukes (ed.) Power. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Barstow, C. (2008). Right use of power: The heart of ethics. Boulder, CO: Many Realms Publishing.

Barstow, C. (2015). The Power Differential and Why It Matters So Much in Therapy. Retrieved from https://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/power-differential-why-it-matters-so-much-in-therapy-1009154

Barstow, C., & Feldman, R. R. (2013). Living in the power zone. Boulder, CO: Many Realms.

Beker, D. (2015) The Myth of Empowerment. NYU Press

Bersoff, D. (1999).Ethical conflicts in psychology (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Breggin, P. (1991). Toxic Psychiatry: why therapy, empathy and love must replace the drugs, electroshock and biochemical theories of the “new psychiatry.” New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Brody, H. (1992) The Healer’s Power. 311 pp. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1992.

Brown, L. S. (1994). Boundaries in feminist therapy: A conceptual formulation. In N. K. Gartrell (Ed.), Bringing ethics alive: Feminist ethics in psychotherapy practice (pp. 29-38). New York: Haworth Press.

Caplan, P. J. (1995). They say you’re crazy: How the world’s most powerful psychiatrists decide who’s normal. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.

Celenza, A. (2017). Lessons on or about the couch: What sexual boundary transgressions can teach us about everyday practice. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 157-162.

Cook, R. M.; McKibben, W. .& Wind, S. A. (2018). Supervisee perception of power in clinical supervision: The Power Dynamics in Supervision Scale. Training and Education in Professional Psychology,12(3), 188-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tep0000201

Corrigan, J. D., Dell, D. M., Lewis, K. N., & Schmidt, L. D. (1980). Counseling as a social influence process: A review. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 27(4), 395-441. 

Dahl, R. A. (1957). The Concept of Power. System Research and Behavioral Science 3, 201-215

Dahl, H.-S. J., Røssberg, J. I., Crits-Christoph, P., Gabbard, G. O., Hersoug, A. G., Perry, J. C., . . . Høglend, P. A. (2014). Long-term effects of analysis of the patient–therapist relationship in the context of patients’ personality pathology and therapists’ parental feelings. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(3), 460-471. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0036410

Dawes, R. M. (1994). House of cards: Psychology and psychotherapy built on myth. New York: Free Press.

Dell, D. M. (1973). Counselor power base, influence attempt, and behavior change in counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 20(5), 399-405.

Demos, V. C. (2017). When the frame breaks: Ripple effects of sexual boundary violations. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 201-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000119

DeVries, J. (1994). The Dynamic of Power in Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 31, 588-593.

Dimen, M. (2017). Eight topics: A conversation on sexual boundary violations between Charles Amrhein and Muriel Dimen. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 169-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000110

Dineen, T. (1996). Manufacturing victims: What the psychology industry is doing to people. Westmount, Quebec, Canada: Robert Davies.

Dineen, T. (2002). The Psychotherapist and the Quest for Power: How Boundaries have Become an Obsession. In Lazarus, A. A. & Ofer Zur, O. (eds.), Dual Relationships and Psychotherapy. New York: Springer Publ.

Douglas, M. A. (1985). The role of power in feminist therapy: A reformulation. In L. B. Rosewater and L.E.A. Walker (Eds.), Handbook of feminist therapy (pp. 241-249). New York: Springer.

Fors, M. (2018). A Grammar of Power in Psychotherapy: Exploring the Dynamics of Privilege. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association – APA Books.

Foucault, M. (1980). Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings. New York: Pantheon.

Frank, J. D. (1973).Persuasion and healing: A comparative study of psychotherapy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

French, J. P. R. Jr., and Raven, B. (1960). The bases of social power. In D. Cartwright and A. Zander (eds.) Group dynamics (pp. 607-623). New York: Harper and Row.

Fromberg, D. (2014). Trouble in the family: The impact of sexual boundary violations in analytic institute life. In R. A. Deutsch (Ed.), Relational perspectives book series. Traumatic ruptures: Abandonment and betrayal in the analytic relationship (pp. 163-175). New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Gabbard, G. O. (1994). Reconsidering the American Psychological Association’s policy on sex with former patients: Is it justifiable? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 25(4), 329-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.25.4.329

Gabbard, G. O. (2017). Sexual boundary violations in psychoanalysis: A 30-year retrospective. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 151-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000079

Gottlieb, M. C. (1993). Avoiding exploitative dual relationships: A decision making model. Psychotherapy, 30, 41-48.

Grand, S. (2017). Seductive excess: Erotic transformations, secret predations. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 208-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000106

Greenspan, M. (1994). On professionalism. In C. Heyward, (Ed.), When boundaries betray us. (pp.193-205). San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Guilfoyle, M. (2003). Dialogue and Power: A Critical Analysis of Power in Dialogical Therapy. Family Process, 43, 331-343.

Heller, D. (1985). Power in Psychotherapeutic Practice. New York: Human Sciences Press.

Heppner, P. P., & Claiborn, C. D. (1989). Social influence research in counseling: A review and critique. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 36(3), 365-387.

Heppner, P. P., & Handley, P. G. (1981). A study of the interpersonal influence process in supervision. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 28(5), 437-444.

Heyward, C. (Ed.) (1994). When boundaries betray us. San Francisco: Harper Collins.

Høglend, P., Hersoug, A. G., Bøgwald, K.-P., Amlo, S., Marble, A., Sørbye, Ø., . . . Crits-Christoph, P. (2011). Effects of transference work in the context of therapeutic alliance and quality of object relations. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79(5), 697-706. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0024863

Holmes, D. & Jacob, D. J. (2014) (Eds.) Power and the Psychiatric Apparatus: Repression, Transformation and Assistance. Routledge

Jackson, H., & Nuttall, R. L. (2001). A relationship between childhood sexual abuse and professional sexual misconduct. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32(2), 200-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.32.2.200

Jones, E. (1951). The God Complex.” In idem, Essays in Applied Psychoanalysis, 2, pp. 244-65. London: Hogarth Press.

LaCrosse, M. B. (1980). Perceived counselor social influence and counseling outcomes: Validity of the Counselor Rating Form. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 27(4), 320-327.

Laing, R.D. 1985. Wisdom, Madness and Folly: The Making of a Psychiatrist 1927- 1957.  London: Macmillan.

Lazarus, A.A. (1994). The illusion of the therapist’s power and the patient’s fragility: my rejoinder. Ethics and Behavior, 4, 299-306.

Lazarus, A.A. (2007). Restrictive Draconian Views Must Be Vigorously Challenged. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38, 405-406.

Lazarus, C. (2015). Do Therapists Really Have More “Power” Than Their Clients? Debunking the myth of therapists’ “power” in the therapeutic relationship. Psychology Today, December.

Lazarus, A. A. & Zur, O. (Eds.) (2002). Dual Relationships and Psychotherapy.New York: Springer.

Lazarus, C. (2015). Do Therapists Really Have More “Power” Than Their Clients? Debunking the myth of therapists’ “power” in the therapeutic relationship. Psychology Today, December.

Marziali, E. & Alexander, L. (1991). The power of the therapeutic relationship. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 61(3), 383-391. http://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Fh0079268

Mason, J. (1988). Against Therapy: Emotional Tyranny and the Myth of Psychological Healing. New York: Atheneum.

Merluzzi, T. V., Merluzzi, B. H., & Kaul, T. J. (1977). Counselor race and power base: Effects on attitudes and behavior. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 24(5), 430-436.

Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67/4, 371-378.

Milioni, D. (2007). ‘Oh, Jo! You can’t see that real life is not like riding a horse!’: Clients’ constructions of power and metaphor in therapy. Radical Psychology, 6/1. Retrieved from http://www.radpsynet.org/journal/vol6-1/milioni.htm

Pizer, B. (2017). “Why can’t we be lovers?” When the price of love is loss of love: Boundary violations in a clinical context. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 163-168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000126

Proctor, G. (2002) The Dynamics of Power in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Ethics, Politics, and Practice. Ross-on-Wye, Herefordshire: PCCS Books.

Ravella, N.F. (1988). The Myth of Power: Clinical Implications of Cybernetics and Self-organizing Systems. Union for Experimenting Colleges and Universities

Riolo, J.A. ‘Til Death Do Us Part: Does a Client Ever Stop Being a Client? The New Social Work. Retrieved from http://www.socialworker.com/feature-articles/ethics-articles/%27Til_Death_Do_Us_Part%3A_Does_a_Client_Ever_Stop_Being_a_Client%3F/

Rogers, C.R. (1978)Carl Rogers on Personal Power. London: Constable.

Rosenhan, D. L. (1973). On being sane in insane places. Science, 179, 250-258.

Schonner, G. (2000). Exploitation of Professional Relationships. First Swiss Congress Against Violence & Abuse of Power. Pre-congress Workshop, Rehabilitation for the professional who has violated boundaries. (21 September)

Spinelli, E. D. (1998). Counseling and the abuse of power. Counseling, 9/3, 181-184.

Starhawk (1987). Truth or dare: Encounters with power, authority, and mastery. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Strong, S. R. (1968). Counseling: An interpersonal influence process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 15(3), 215-224.

Summers, F. (2017). Sexual relationships between patient and therapist: Boundary violation or collapse of the therapeutic space? Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 175-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000115

Sutherland, O. (2007). Therapist Positioning and Power in Discursive Therapies: A Comparative Analysis. Contemporary Family Therapy, 29, 193-209.

Sykes, C. J. (1992). A Nation Of Victims: The Decay Of The American Character. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Szasz, T. (1997). The Manufacture of Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the Mental Health Movement, Syracuse Univ Press.

Tavris, C. (1993, January). Beware the incest survivor machine. New York Times, Book Review, pp. 1,16-1.

Tylim, I. (2017). On transference, passion, and analysts’ sexual boundary violations. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 34(2), 182-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000080

Veldhuis, C. B. (2001). The trouble with power. Women & Therapy, 23, 37-56.

Wallace, E. (2014). Losing a training analyst for ethical violations: Short-term and long-term effects. In R. A. Deutsch (Ed.), Relational perspectives book series. Traumatic ruptures: Abandonment and betrayal in the analytic relationship (pp. 93-108). New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Welch, B. L. (2000). Borderline patients: Danger ahead. In B. L. Welch (Ed.), Insight (pp. 1–5). Amityville, NY: American Professional Agency.

Walling, D. and Levine, R. E. (1997). Power in the hypnotic relationship: Therapeutic or Abusive? American Journal of Psychotherapy, 51, 67-76.

Welch, B. L. (2000). Borderline patients: Danger ahead. Insight: Safeguarding Psychologists Against Liability, 2, 1-6.

Williams, M. H. (2000). “Victimized by victims: a taxonomy of antecedents of false complaints against psychotherapists,” Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31 (1), 75-81. (Available online at: http://www.drmwilliams.com/SAdocs/victim.html

Williams, M. H. (2013). Malpractice, disability, sexual harassment and other civil claims arising from plaintiffs’ psychopathology. Retrieved from http://expertpages.com/news/litigation_forum_acting_out.htm.

Wright, R. H. (1985a). Who needs enemies. Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 3(2), 111–118. doi:10.1300/ J294v03n02_15.

Yeheskel Hasenfeld,Y. (1987). Power in Social Work Practice. Social Service Review 6/3: 469-483. https://doi.org/10.1086/644463

Younggren, J. N., Fisher, M. A., Foote, W. E., & Hjelt, S. E. (2011). A legal and ethical review of patient responsibilities and psychotherapist duties. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(2), 160–doi:10.1037/a0023142.

Yukl, G., & Tracey, J. B. (1992). Consequences of influence tactics used with subordinates, peers, and the boss. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(4), 525-535. 

Zimbardo, P. G. (1972). Pathology of imprisonment. Society, 6, 4, 6, 8.

Zur, O. (1994). Rethinking “Don’t Blame the Victim”: Psychology of victimhood. Journal of Couple Therapy, 4 (3/4), 15-36.

Zur, O. (2005). Dumbing down of psychology: Manufactured consent about the depravity of dual relationships in therapy. In R. H. Wright & N. A. Cummings (Eds.), Destructive trends in mental health: The well-intentioned road to harm (pp. 253-282). New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Zur, O. (2007). Power and Boundaries. In O. Zur Boundaries in Psychotherapy: Ethical and Clinical Explorations (pp. 47-51). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Zur, O. (2008). DSM: Diagnosing for Status and Money. National Psychologist, May/June, 15.

Zur, O. (2008). Re-Thinking the “Power Differential” in Psychotherapy: Exploring the myth of therapists’ omnipotence and patients’ fragility. Voice: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy, 44 (3), 32-40.

Zur, O. (2009). Power in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Exploring the “inherent power differential” and related myths about therapists’ omnipotence and clients’ vulnerability. Independent Practitioner 29, (3), 160-164.

Zur, O. (Ed.) (2017). Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Unavoidable, Common and Mandatory Dual Relations in Therapy. New York: Routledge.


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