Standard of Care
Resources & References
An Online Course:
Standard of Care in Psychotherapy & Counseling
- The Standard of Care in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Bringing Clarity to an Illusive Standard
- Standard of Care on Physical Touch in Psychotherapy
- Risk Management v. Standard of Care
- Boundary violations: Do some contended standards of care fail to encompass commonplace procedures of Humanistic, Behavioral, and Eclectic Psychotherapies? By Martin Williams, Ph.D.
- Resources regarding multiple aspects of the Standard of Care, including touch, confidentiality, termination and much more
- APA Professional Practice Guidelines
* Professional Practice Guidelines for Occupationally Mandated Psychological Evaluations
* Professional Practice Guidelines for Integrating the Role of Work and Career Into Psychological Practice
* More Guidelines
American Psychiatric Association (ApA), (2004). Practice Guidelines. Retrieved from http://www.psych.org/psych_pract/treatg/pg/prac_guide.cfm
American Psychological Association (APA). (2010). Guidelines for Child Custody evaluation in Family Law Procedures. American Psychologist, 65/9, 863–867. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/features/child-custody.pdf
Aoyagi, M. & Portenga, S. (2010) The role of positive ethics and virtues in the context of sport and performance psychology service delivery. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(3):253-259.
Berman, J. S., & Norton, N. C. (1985). Does professional training make a therapist more effective? Psychological Bulletin, 98(2), 401-407.
Barnett, J. E., (2017). Unavoidable Incidental Contacts and Multiple Relationships in Rural Practice. In Zur, O. (Ed.) pp 97-107 Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Unavoidable, Common and Mandatory Dual Relations in Therapy. New York: Routledge.
Bersoff, D. N. (1994). Explicit ambiguity: The 192 ethics code as oxymoron. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 25, 382-387.
Brownlee, K., Halverson, Glenn and Chassie, A. (2012.). The Development of Dual and Multiple Relationships for Social Workers in Rural Communities, Journal of Comparative Social Work 2/1.
Bucky, S. F. & Stolberg, R. A. (2017). Multiple Relationships in Sports Psychology. In Zur, O. (Ed.) Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Unavoidable, Common and Mandatory Dual Relations in Therapy. New York: Routledge.
Carr, H & Gidman, J. (2012). Juggling the dual role of practitioner and educator: practice teachers’ perceptions. Community Practitioner, 85/2, pp. 23-26.
Catts, S. V., & O’Toole, B. I. (2016). The treatment of schizophrenia: Can we raise the standard of care? Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 50(12), 1128-1138.
Caudill, C. O. (2004). Therapists under fire. Retrieved from http://www.cphins.com/Default.aspx?tabid=75
Cukrowicz, K.C., Wingate, L.R., Driscoll, K.A. Joiner Jr., T. E. (2004). A Standard of Care for the Assessment of Suicide Risk and Associated Treatment: The Florida State University Psychology Clinic as an Example. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 34(1), 87-100. doi:10.1023/B:JOCP.0000010915.77490.7
Doverspike, W. (1999). Ethical Risk Management: Guidelines for Practice, a practical ethics handbook. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press
Falender, C. A., & Shafranske, E. P. (2007). Competence in competency-based supervision practice: Construct and application. Professional psychology: Research and practice, 38(3), 232-240.
Fleer, J (2000). Ambiguities in the ethics code. Independent Practitioner, 20/4. Retrieved from http://www.division42.org/MembersArea/IPfiles/ IPFall00/Advocacy/fleer.html
Grosso, F. C. (1997). Ethics for marriage, family, and child counselors. Santa Barbara, CA: Author.
Harris, E. A. (2002). Legal and Ethics Risks and Risk Management in Professional Psychological Practices. Workshop reader, March, LA.
Halverson, G., & Brownlee, K. (2010). Managing ethical considerations around dual relationships in small rural and remote Canadian communities. International Social Work, 53(2), 247-260.
Herlihy, B., & Corey, G. (2015). Boundary Issues in Counseling: Multiple Roles and Responsibilities (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.
Johnson, W. B. (2011). “I’ve got this friend:” Multiple roles, informed consent, and friendship in the military. In W. B. Johnson & G. P. Koocher (Eds.), Ethical conundrums, quandaries, and predicaments in mental health practice: A casebook from the files of experts (pp. 175-182). New York: Oxford University Press.
Johnson, W. B., Grasso, I., & Maslowski, K. (2010). Conflicts between ethics and law for military mental health providers, Military Medicine, 175, 148-153.
Johnson, W. B & Johnson, S. J., (2017). Unavoidable and Mandated Multiple Relationships in Military Settings. In Zur, O. (Ed.) Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Unavoidable, Common and Mandatory Dual Relations in Therapy. New York: Routledge.
Koocher, G. P., & Keith-Spiegel, P. C. (2016). Ethics in Psychology and the Mental Health Professions: Professional Standards and Cases (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Koocher, G. P. & Keith-Spiegel, P., (2017). Multiple Relationships in Educational Settings. In Zur, O. (Ed.) Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Unavoidable, Common and Mandatory Dual Relations in Therapy. New York: Routledge.
Koocher, G. P. (2004). The myths about empirically validated therapies. Independent Practitioner, 24/2, 62-63.
Lazarus, A. A. and Zur, O. (Eds.) (2002), Dual Relationships and Psychotherapy. New York: Springer.
Lambert, M. J. (1991). Introduction to psychotherapy research. In L. E. Beutler and M. Crago, Psychotherapy Research. Washington DC: American Psychological Association. pp. 1-11.
Lampropoulos, G. K. (2000). A Reexamination of the Empirically Supported Treatments Critiques. Psychotherapy Research, 10 474-477, 2000.
Lazarus, A. A. (1994). How certain boundaries and ethics diminish therapeutic effectiveness. Ethics and Behavior, 4, 255-261.
Levant, Ronald F. (2004). The Empirically Validated Treatments Movement: A Practitioner/Educator Perspective. Clinical Psychology, 11: 219-224
Malesky, L. A. & Peters, C. (2012). Defining Appropriate Professional Behavior for Faculty and University Students on Social Networking Websites Higher Education. The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, 63, 135-151
Mallory, A., Brown, J., Conner, S., & Henry, U. (2017). Finding what works: New clinicians’ use of standards of care with transgender clients. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 45(1), 27-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01926187.2016.1223563
Pynoos, R. S., Fairbank, John A., Steinberg, A. M., Amaya-Jackson, L., Gerrity, E., Mount, M. L., & Maze, J. (2008). The National Child Traumatic Stress Network: Collaborating to improve the standard of care. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(4), 389-395. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0012551
Quattrocchi, M. R., & Schopp, R. F. (2005). Tarasaurus Rex: A Standard of care that could not adapt. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 11(1), 109-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1076-89220.127.116.11
Reamer, F. G. (2012). Boundary Issues and Dual Relationships in the Human Services. New York: Columbia University Press.
Reid, W. H. (1998). Standard of care and patient need. The Journal of Psychiatric Practice, May issue. Retrieved from www.reidpsychiatry.com/columns/Reid05-98.pdf
Russell, et. al.(2016). Professional standards of practice for psychologists, social workers, and counselors in SCI rehabilitation. Journal of Spinal Cord Med 39(2): 127–145.
Stapleton, A. B., Hankes, D. M., Hays, K. F., Parham, W. D. (2010). Ethical dilemmas in sport psychology: A dialogue on the unique aspects impacting practice. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(2), 143-152.
Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures (APA Div. 12 Report). (1995). Training in and dissemination of empirically validated psychological treatments: Report and recommendations. The Clinical Psychologist, 48, 3-23
Task Force for the Development of Practice Recommendations For The Provision of Humanistic Psychosocial Services. (1997). Division 32, Humanistic Psychology response. Retrieved from www.apa.org/divisions/div32/pdfs/taskfrev.pdf
Williams, M. H. (1997). Boundary violations: Do some contended standards of care fail to encompass commonplace procedures of Humanistic, Behavioral, and Eclectic Psychotherapies? Psychotherapy, 34 (3), 238-249
Williams, M. H., (2003). The curse of risk management. The Independent Practitioner, 23 (4), 202-205
Woody, R. H. (1998). Fifty ways to avoid malpractice. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange
Zur, O. (2001). Out-of-office experience: When crossing office boundaries and engaging in dual relationships are clinically beneficial and ethically sound. Independent Practitioner, 21/1, 96-100
Zur, O. (2004). Bartering in psychotherapy and counseling: Complexities, Case Studies and Guidelines. Online publication. Retrieved June 1, 2004 from: https://www.zurinstitute.com/bartertherapy.html
Zur, O. (2007a). Boundaries in Psychotherapy: Ethical and Clinical Explorations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association – APA Books.
Zur, O. (2007b). Touch In Therapy and The Standard of Care in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Bringing Clarity to Illusive Relationships. U.S. Association of Body Psychotherapy Journal, 6/2, 61-93.
Zur, O. (Ed.) (2017). Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy and Counseling: Unavoidable, Common and Mandatory Dual Relations in Therapy. New York: Routledge.
Zur, O. & Gonzalez, S. (2002). Multiple relationships in military psychology. In A. A. Lazarus and O. Zur (Eds.) Dual Relationships and Psychotherapy, New York: Springer, pp. 315-328.